White prison patch with a red triangle and number 97905 owned by a Lithuanian Jewish man
approximately 1944-1945 May
Buchenwald (Concentration camp);
Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
- Object Type
Prisoner badges (ushmm)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Florence M. Post
White cloth badge like the one Isaak Nementschik (later Irving Newman) wore while a prisoner in Buchenwald concentration camp. It is printed with an inverted red triangle signifying that was a political prisoner, and his prisoner number 97905. Isaak, an accountant, and his wife, Lea, a dentist, and their children Fira, 6, and Boris, 2, lived in Kaunas (Kovno], Lithuania, which was occupied by Nazi Germany in June 1941. Isaak was arrested and taken to a fort where over 3000 of those captured were shot and killed. Isaak bribed a guard and hid in a hole. On his return to the ghetto, he worked as a forced laborer. Circa 1943, Irving was deported to Stutthof concentration camp. He was sent to Buchenwald ca. 1945 and escaped ca. April/May during a death march. He was found by a Czech woman who cared for him until he regained his health. He left to find his family and they were reunited in Łódź, Poland. In 1944, Lea had cut a hole in the ghetto fence and smuggled Fira, Boris, and a young cousin Llana out in sacks. They then survived in hiding. The family lived in displaced person camps in Germany until 1949, when they left for America.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:24:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn531670
Also in Irving Newman collection
The collection consists of a prisoner's badge, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and photographs relating to the experiences of Irving Newman before and during the Holocaust when he was deported from Kaunas (Kovno), Lithuania, to Stutthof and Buchenwald concentration camps and after the war when he and his family lived in displaced persons camps in West Germany.
The Irving Newman papers are comprised primarily of newspaper clippings of articles Irving wrote for the Jidisze Cajtung while living in displaced persons camps in West Germany between 1945 and 1949. These articles are primarily in Yiddish and describe the situations of surviving Jews in Germany, relations with Germany, and preparations for relocation to Israel. Included among the newspaper clippings is correspondence soliciting articles, acknowledging the receipt of articles, and one letter written by Irving in which he describes his detainment. This collection also includes a series of photographs depicting the Newman family before and after World War II. Images taken before the war include Lisa and Irving’s wedding in 1935 and the young family in 1939 or 1940. Post war images include the surviving children and daily life at a displaced person’s camp in Erzabtei St. Ottilien near Landsberg am Lech, Germany and the Newman family aboard the SS Marine Marlin in route for the United States in 1949.