Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

White prison patch with a red triangle and number 97905 owned by a Lithuanian Jewish man

Object | Accession Number: 1995.A.0753.2

White cloth badge like the one Isaak Nementschik (later Irving Newman) wore while a prisoner in Buchenwald concentration camp. It is printed with an inverted red triangle signifying that was a political prisoner, and his prisoner number 97905. Isaak, an accountant, and his wife, Lea, a dentist, and their children Fira, 6, and Boris, 2, lived in Kaunas (Kovno], Lithuania, which was occupied by Nazi Germany in June 1941. Isaak was arrested and taken to a fort where over 3000 of those captured were shot and killed. Isaak bribed a guard and hid in a hole. On his return to the ghetto, he worked as a forced laborer. Circa 1943, Irving was deported to Stutthof concentration camp. He was sent to Buchenwald ca. 1945 and escaped ca. April/May during a death march. He was found by a Czech woman who cared for him until he regained his health. He left to find his family and they were reunited in Łódź, Poland. In 1944, Lea had cut a hole in the ghetto fence and smuggled Fira, Boris, and a young cousin Llana out in sacks. They then survived in hiding. The family lived in displaced person camps in Germany until 1949, when they left for America.

use:  approximately 1944-1945 May
use: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Florence M. Post
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:24:23
This page: