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Tower style tombstone broken in half from a desecrated Jewish cemetery recovered postwar

Object | Accession Number: 2005.609.3 a-b

Spanish style stele or tower tombstone with an engraved Ladino inscription recovered from the Jewish cemetery located on Sevastopol Street in Bucharest, Romania. It has the symbol for a Kohen, a priest, a hand with the fingers separated into two sets of two. The modern Jewish community has undertaken work to preserve what remains of the site. Other remaining gravestones were moved to the Sephardic cemetery in Bucharest. The Sevastopol Street Jewish cemetery was a historic cemetery where burials ceased in 1864. In September 1940, the right-wing, Nazi-allied government of General Antonescu and the Iron Guard seized power. Violence against Jews was common and there were two major pogroms, in Bucharest and Iasi. In 1942, the regime ordered the cemetery demolished. Work began on June 25 and continued through 1944. Jewish forced laborers were made to remove the stones and break them into pieces for paving material.

Date
approximately 1715-before 1864  (creation)
Geography
use : Sevastopol Street Jewish cemetery; Bucharest (Romania)
recovery : Sevastopol Street Jewish cemetery; Bucharest (Romania)
Language
Ladino
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Federation of Romanian Jewish Communities
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:06
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn533151