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Leather wallet used by German Jewish refugees

Object | Accession Number: 2012.244.3

Leather document case used by Annemarie Warschauer, 19, or a family member when they left Germany for Shanghai, China, in 1940. The Nazi regime took power in 1933 and anti-Jewish policies to persecute Jews became law. In 1936, a Nazi thugs took her father from their home and killed him. In 1938, Annemarie married Egon Israelski. A few weeks later Egon was assigned to a forced labor camp and Annemarie volunteered to go with him. When Egon was injured, she had to work in a factory. After they promised to leave Germany, they were released from labor service. Along with Annemarie's mother and her husband Leo Munter, they went to Shanghai because it did not require visas. Life there was difficult and primitive. The city was liberated by US troops. In 1947, Annemarie, Egon, and their infant son left for America. Her parents could not get US visas and in 1951 went to Brazil.

emigration:  1940
received: Berlin (Germany)
use: Shanghai (China)
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Wallets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Annemarie Warschauer and the Estate of Annemarie Warschauer
Record last modified: 2023-05-03 09:32:36
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