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Pair of tefillin and pouch owned by a Polish Jewish immigrant

Object | Accession Number: 2016.280.1 a-f

A pair of tefillin with cardboard covers and pouch, owned by Max Zuckerman, a Polish Jewish immigrant who left Poland in 1923. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers attached to leather straps and worn by Orthodox Jewish males during morning prayers. One of eleven siblings born in the town of Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Max left to escape growing antisemitism, violent pogroms, and persecution by non-Jewish populations. He immigrated to Brazil where he worked as a peddler until he saved enough money to immigrate to the United States. Max wrote to his family to implore them to leave Poland and join him in the United States, even offering to pay for their fare. His father declined the offer, and German soldiers invaded and occupied the town on September 7, 1939. Between 1939 and 1944, most of the 16,000 Jewish residents were either forcibly transported to Treblinka killing center, killed in Ostrowiec, or conscripted into forced labor. Max’s parents, nine of his siblings, and their families were killed during the Holocaust. The only family members that survived were his sister, Mala, and four of her daughters, who were liberated from a Gross-Rosen subcamp in May 1945 and immigrated to the United States in 1948.

use:  before 1983
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin (lcsh)
Ceremonial objects.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Barbara Zuckerman Cooper in memory of her father Max Zuckerman
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:13:44
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