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Barry Spanjaard papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.411.1

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    Barry Spanjaard papers

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    The collection contains Holocaust survivor Barry Spanjaard’s manuscript "Those Unforgetable [sic] Years." The manuscript was written in 1946, but not published until 1981 as Don’t Fence Me In! An American Teenager in the Holocaust. It describes the Holocaust experiences of Barry, born in the United States, and his Dutch-born parents Alfred and Abigail Spannjard in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, including their deportations to the Westerbork transit camp, Amersfoort concentration camp, and the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp; their release from Bergen-Belsen as part of a prisoner exchange in January 1945; and their trip back to the United States onboard the MS Gripsholm. Also included with the collection are two photocopies of the cover of Red Cross Junior Journal, a photograph of an unidentified ship, and a photograph of a drawing of a boy by David Pacheco that was used on the cover of the published memoir.
    inclusive:  1945-circa 1981
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bunnie Spanjaard
    Collection Creator
    Barry Spanjaard
    Barry Spanjaard (1929-1998) was born in New York in 1929 to Alfred (1903-1945) and Abigail (née Abigael Sophie Roozeboom, 1901-) Spanjaard, Dutch citizens who had immigrated to the United States in the 1920s. Alfred and Abigail married in New York City in 1927. The family moved to Amsterdam, the Netherlands in 1932 so Alfred could take over the family antique business after his father’s death. After the German occupation of the Netherlands in 1940, the family had some protection due to Barry's American citizenship. On 2 April 1943, Barry’s grandmother was deported, and on 6 April 1943 Barry’s family was deported to the Westerbork transit camp. They were briefly sent to the Amersfoort concentration camp before being sent back to Westerbork. On 31 January 1944 they were deported to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. They were released for repatriation to the United States in January 1945 as part of a prisoner exchange for German soldiers. Alfred, who was already in poor health, died in Switzerland soon after. Abigail and Barry returned to the United States in February 1945 on board the MS Gripsholm. While in a military school in Virginia, Barry wrote a manuscript in secret chronicling his Holocaust experiences. The manuscript was found years later in 1978, and with the aid of his wife Bunnie Spanjaard, his memoir was published in 1981 as Don’t Fence Me In! An American Teenager in the Holocaust.

    Physical Details

    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged as one folder.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    Administrative Notes

    Donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by Bunnie Spanjaard, wife of Barry Spanjaard.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-26 09:55:27
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