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Leather suitcase used by a German Jewish boy while on a refugee transport

Object | Accession Number: 2016.553.2 a-c

Small brown leather suitcase used by Fritz (later Fred) Strauss while part of a refugee transport of children from Germany between 1939 and 1941. In response to the 1935 Nuremberg Laws and growing anti-Semitism in their small town, Fritz’s mother sent him, in 1936, to Frankfurt to attend school at a large Jewish orphanage. Within three years, anti-Semitism in Frankfurt had grown, and on March 8, 1939, Fritz was sent on a transport to Paris, France, with ten other children. Fritz and the other Orthodox children moved to new towns multiple times in the area around Paris, but managed to continue their schooling and Jewish studies. On September 3, 1939, following the invasion of Poland, France and England declared war on Germany. Fritz and his housemates joined groups of other refugee children in the area on a transport, and left the region shortly before Paris fell to German troops in June 1940. Their transport went to Limoges, where the group of about 150 settled at Chateau Montintin. In May 1941, Fritz was part of three transports of children to the American Consulate in Marseille. In June, over 100 children left Marseille on a transport organized and sponsored by the United States Committee for the Care of European Children (USCOM), the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, and American Friends Service Committee (AFSC). The group traveled through Spain to Lisbon, Portugal, and then boarded the SS Mouzinho on June 10, 1941. They arrived in New York on June 21, 1941. Fritz was reunited with his mother and stepfather, who had immigrated to the United States via the Caribbean in 1940, and settled in Easton, Pennsylvania.

use:  1939 March 08-1941
received: Israelitische Waisenanstalt zu Frankfurt am Main.; Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Object Type
Suitcases (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sigrid Jean Ansbacher Strauss
Record last modified: 2023-08-28 09:14:58
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