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Sąd Specjalny w Warszawie (Sygn. 643/III)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.327.1 | RG Number: RG-15.480

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    Selected files of criminal cases from the German Special Court in Warsaw (Sondergericht Warschau).
    Note: Related collections are available at the USHMM:: RG-15.267, Staatsanwaltschaft bei dem Sondergericht Warschau (Sygn. 1601/III), and RG-15.268, Sąd Niemiecki w Warszawie (Sygn.1207/III).
    Alternate Title
    Sondergericht Warschau
    inclusive:  1940-1944
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Sondergericht Warschau
    In October 1939, the German authorities announced that in addition to the existing Polish judicial system, German-administered courts would also be established in Poland. The German Courts (Deutsches Gericht) and Sondergericht (Special Court) were established by ordinances of the Governor General in Feb. 19, 1940 (in Chełm, Kraków, Lublin, Radom, Rzeszów and Warsaw). The courts tried German citizens, ethnic Germans (Volksdeutsche) living in Poland, Poles and Jews. In 1941 the German judiciary system in the General Government (GG) started actively participating in the implementation of polices that were discriminatory toward Jewish residents in particular, as well as ethnic Poles, and widely used these courts of terror to impose sentences, including death penalties, for alleged offenses, such as, for all forms of resistance against the German occupation authorities; for failure to register by the officers of the Polish Army; for failure of farmers to fulfill quotas; for the hiding of Jews (the death penalty had been in effect for this since 1942, and was often carried out immediately without the judgment of the court); for offenses against the laws and regulations of the German occupation authorities, etc. The judges were supervised by the district governor. Appeals of the verdicts of the German Court were settled by the Higher German Court (Deutsches Obergericht) and its decisions were final. The court arbitrated the cases consistently under German civil and criminal law. The Staatsanwaltschaft bei dem Sondergericht Warschau (State Prosecutor of the Special Court Warsaw) was directly subordinate to the Department of Justice of the General Governor’s Office of the Warsaw District. It conducted investigations in criminal cases and transferred them to the Sondergericht (Special Court). See also: Warsaw under Deutscher Herrschaft. The Structure of the Administration of Justice:
    : 2013.238. Prokuratura przy Sądzie Specjalnym w Warszawie (Sygn.1601/III): Staatsanwaltschaft bei dem Sondergericht Warschau, 1940-1944.

    RG-15.268: 2013.239. Sąd Niemiecki w Warszawie (Sygn.1207/III): German Courts in Warsaw, 1940-1944.

    Physical Details

    Polish German
    34,054 digital images : PDF ; 13.0 GB .
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in one series: 1. Investigative court cases. Files organized by the name of defendants and the court case numbers.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Reproduction of more than 100 pages of copies of documents for researchers or other institutions requires a written permission of the General Director of the State Archives of the Republic of Poland. Publication of more than 10 complete documents in an individual work requires the written authorization of the General Director. The Museum may not publish any archival material obtained from the General Director, including specific archives under his control, on the Internet, the World Wide Web, or any other publicly accessible on-line network without the written permission of the General Director. Citation of the materials in any publication must refer to the Museum and the Polish State Archives and must include the name of the archival group and catalogue number of the originals.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    Germany. Sondergericht

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Archiwum Państwowe w Warszawie
    Source of acquisition is the Archiwum Państwowe w Warszawie, Poland, Sygn. 643/III. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in Nov. 2016.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 08:31:11
    This page:

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