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Leather pouch brought with Jewish refugee family

Object | Accession Number: 2004.628.9

Small leather bag brought with the Bieder family, Isador and Fanny, and their daughters Gertrude, 10, and Frieda, 14, who were forced to leave Vienna, Austria, in 1939. After the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in March 1938, anti-Jewish laws were passed and Jews were targeted for persecution. Germans raided the family’s apartment, taking most of their valuables. A short while later, Isidor’s retail business was confiscated. During Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938, Isidor was arrested and beaten. As a condition of his release from prison, he agreed to leave Austria with his family. They received their exit permits on January 16, 1939, and left for Haifa, Palestine. After nearly a year, they sailed from there to Greece, then to America. Many extended family members in Gorlice, Poland, perished during the Holocaust.

emigration:  1939
received: Vienna (Austria)
Dress Accessories
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gertrude Bieder Meisner and the Estate of Gertrude Bieder Meisner
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:25:53
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