Oral history interview with David Krauthammer
Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
- David Krauthammer
- Stuart Reiter
1988 January 16
3 digital files : MPEG-4.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sarah H. Reiter and Stuart Reiter
David Krauthammer, born in 1906 in Tlumacsyk, Austria (now Tlumach, Ukraine), describes his three sisters and three brothers; being the second oldest child; growing up in Austria; beign eight years old when WWI began; having little food and going to the Hungarian city of Debrecen; his father’s grocery store; his maternal grandfather who was very religious; his family’s background; his father’s participation in the army during WWI; attending a Baron Hirsch school for German and Polish; attending a Hebrew school; working at the age of 15 in a store in Kolomea (Kolomyia, Ukraine); working in a lumberyard; moving in 1927 to Trieste, Italy, where his cousin lived; transcribing many books so he could remember them; his wife, who he grew up with; working for his cousin, Giacamo Kleinman, for four and a half years (1927-1932); his thoughts on Mussolini’s early administration; working at his cousin’s store in Trento, Italy; getting into an argument with his cousin and leaving the store; selling Turkish carpets; experiencing antisemitism when he applied for a business license; getting married in Verona in 1932; the annexation of Austria; helping his brother-in-law (Dr. George Altenhaus) escape Vienna, Austria in 1938; [file two] being arrested in 1940 for 30 days then sent to an internment camp called Notaresco in the province of Abruzzi; being released from the camp after his wife wrote a letter to Mussolini; hearing about Kristallnacht and liquidating all his businesses; buying dollars with his lire, depositing it in a Dutch bank, and then transferring it to a cousin in Indianapolis; resuming his businesses in Trento, Bolzano, and Rovereto after being advised by the Italian Government that he would be allowed to stay in Italy under government protection; the heavy bombing of Trento in September 1943 and the subsequent German occupation; going into hiding; being told his wife was dead (she was told he was dead); his communications with his sisters; hiring Mr. McConey because he was known to help refugees escape to Switzerland for a large fee; bribing many people on his way to Switzerland; his parents’ deaths in the Kolomea ghetto; his sister Regina’s survival in Ukraine; helping his surviving family get to Milan, Italy after the war; living in Switzerland for 500 days with his wife and children; suffering from hunger; returning to Italy in 1945; receiving a brief visit from Simon Wiesenthal in 1946; immigrating to the US and living in Indianapolis for three weeks; living in New York, NY for eight and a half months; being unhappy in the US and returning to Italy after three and a half years; and returning to the US after a year in Italy.
Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:38:18
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