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Embroidered Girl Scout uniform sash and membership pin owned by a Jewish Yugoslavian girl

Object | Accession Number: 2016.497.2 a-b

Green Girl Scout sash with embroidered gold trefoils and gold colored trefoil pin owned by Tamar Hendel-Fishman in Oswego, New York, between 1944-1946. Tamar was a young girl living in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, with her parents and older brother David when Germany and Italy, supported by their allies, invaded. Zagreb was made the capital of the German puppet state, the Independent Sate of Croatia. The ruling party, called the Ustaša, persecuted and murdered ethnic Serbs and Jews, forcing Tamar’s family to flee to the Italian occupied zone. After the Ustaša murdered Tamar’s uncle and grandfather, the family fled to Rovigo, Italy. In September 1943, Germany invaded northern Italy and began deporting Jews to the east. Tamar and her family escaped to Rome where they lived under false identities until liberation. In July 1944, Tamar and her family came to the United States aboard the USNS Henry Gibbins. They lived in the Fort Ontario Refugee Shelter, an old army camp that was repurposed as an emergency shelter by the war Refugee Board. Tamar and other girls in the camp joined the girl scouts as a social activity to help acclimate the refugees to American life. Tamar’s mother Hana, worked in the camp kitchen. The family stayed at Fort Ontario until February 1946, when they were granted legal entry into the United States and settled in New York City.

Date
1944 August-1946  (received)
Geography
received : Fort Ontario (N.Y.)
Language
English
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Genre/Form
Textiles.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Tamar Hendel-Fishman
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Record last modified: 2018-11-16 15:01:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn556077