Embroidered Girl Scout uniform sash and membership pin owned by a Jewish Yugoslavian girl
Fort Ontario (N.Y.)
- Object Type
Sashes (Clothing) (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Tamar Hendel-Fishman
Green Girl Scout sash with embroidered gold trefoils and gold colored trefoil pin owned by Rut Hendel (later Tamar Hendel-Fishman) in Oswego, New York, between 1944-1946. Rut was a young girl living in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, with her parents and older brother, David, when Germany and Italy, supported by their allies, invaded. Zagreb was made the capital of the German puppet state, the Independent Sate of Croatia. The ruling party, called the Ustaša, persecuted and murdered ethnic Serbs and Jews, forcing Rut’s family to flee to the Italian occupied zone. After the Ustaša murdered Rut’s uncle and grandfather, the family fled to Rovigo, Italy. In September 1943, Germany invaded northern Italy and began deporting Jews to the east. Rut and her family escaped to Rome where they lived under false identities until liberation. In July 1944, Rut and her family came to the United States aboard the USNS Henry Gibbins. They lived in the Fort Ontario Refugee Shelter, an old army camp that was repurposed as an emergency shelter by the war Refugee Board. Rut and other girls in the camp joined the girl scouts as a social activity to help acclimate the refugees to American life. Rut’s mother, Hana, worked in the camp kitchen. The family stayed at Fort Ontario until February 1946, when they were granted legal entry into the United States and settled in New York City.
Record last modified: 2022-04-28 15:34:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn556077
Also in This Collection
The collection documents the Holocaust experiences of Eisig and Hana (née Weissman) Hendel and their children David and Rut (later Tamar) of Zagreb, Yugoslavia (present day Zagreb, Croatia). Included are identification papers, immigration documents, financial papers, and photographs that document their escape from Zagreb to Rovigo and Rome, Italy, and their experiences as refugees at the Fort Ontario Emergency Refugee Shelter in Oswego, New York. There are also pre-war photographs of the Hendel and Weissman families in Zagreb.