Norbert Orgler papers
Collection of correspondence, envelopes, photograph, and death certificate documenting the experiences of Norbert Orgler (donor’s father) during the Holocaust.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Siegfried Orgler
Record last modified: 2020-10-15 14:05:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn557423
Also in Norbert Orgler collection
The collection consists of a newspaper, correspondence, documents, and a photograph relating to the experiences of Norbert Orgler in Germany and Belgium before the Holocaust, and in several internment, forced labor, and concentration camps in France, Poland and Germany, including Bergen-Belsen where he perished during the Holocaust.
Edition of the Belgian Official Gazette from January 8, 1950, recording the legal declaration of death for Norbert Orgler, a Jewish German shop owner. Norbert, his wife Auguste, and son Siegfried fled Cologne, Germany, for Antwerp, Belgium, days after his store was destroyed during Kristallnacht in early November 1938. Three of Norbert’s brothers, Leopold, Israel Jacob, and Josef, also fled to Antwerp with their families. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded Belgium, and Norbert and his brothers were considered enemy aliens and were arrested by Belgian authorities. They were deported to Saint Cyprien internment camp in southern France. Following the outbreak of a disease in camp, they were transferred to Gurs internment camp, where Leopold escaped. From April to September 1942, Norbert was transported to several internment and transit camps where he was a forced laborer. On September 7, 1942, Norbert was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. In early 1945, he was sent to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany where he perished. Auguste, who was not Jewish, refused to divorce Norbert, and in February 1941, she and Siegfried were included in a larger group of Jewish people transported to Kwaadmechelen in the province of Limburg. Many in this group performed forced labor, but the authorities were not sure what to do with Siegfried and Auguste, so after 6 months they were sent back to Antwerp. Norbert’s brothers, Leopold and Sally, survived the war. His brothers, Josef and Israel Jacob, were deported to several internment camps and killed.