Prayer book owned by a Jewish Austrian musician and concentration camp inmate
- Alternate Title
- Seder Tefillat Yisrael
Prayer Book - Prayers for Israel, German translation
publication: Budapest (Hungary)
Books and Published Materials
Books and pamphlets
- Object Type
Judaism--Prayer books (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Janet Merkur
A 1913 compilation prayer book (Seder Tefillat Yisrael) owned by Herschel Herman Merkur in Vienna, Austria, before the Holocaust and brought with Adolf (later William), one of his 7 children, when he immigrated to Australia postwar. On March 13, 1938, Germany annexed Austria. New legislation was created that quickly restricted Jewish life. Two of Herman’s older children, Lise and Isak, emigrated. In November, following the Kristallnacht pogrom, Herman’s son Bernhard was arrested and imprisoned in Germany, and later emigrated. In fall 1939, Herman and his family were moved into the ghetto and he was forced to brush tar onto the asphalt streets. His daughter, Franzi, escaped to France not long before Herman, his wife, Mina, and their youngest sons, Sigi and Adolf, were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia, in October 1942. In November, Mina died of dysentery. On September 28, 1944, Adolf and Sigi, were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. In October, Herman was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he was sent to the gas chamber and killed on October 9, 1944. In May 1945, Sigi died in Kaufering VII, a sub-camp of Dachau concentration camp. After the war, 6 of Herman’s 7 children were still alive, three having survived imprisonment in several transit, labor, and concentration camps.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn559412
Also in Morgenstern and Merkur families collection
The collection consists of a prayer book, correspondence, documents, photographs, and sheet music relating to the experiences of the Morgenstern and Merkur families in Austria, England, France, Poland, the Soviet Union, and Switzerland before the war, in those nations, Czechoslovakia, and many concentration camps during the Holocaust, and in Austria and Australia after World War II.
The collection documents the Holocaust experiences of the Morgenstern family of Barycz, Poland and Vienna, Austria, and the Merkur family of Vienna. The Morgenstern family materials include identification papers of Regina Morgenstern, who took a Kindertransport from Vienna to England in 1938; letters from her parents Taube and Mendel Morgenstern to her in London; and her diary from 1945. Also included are photographs of the Morgenstern family, including a photograph of Regina, Bernhard, and Helli Morgenstern reunited in Vienna after the war. The Merkur family materials include a book and loose sheet music of William’s father Herman Merkur, who was a musician in Austria; a prayer book belonging to Herman; William’s refugee identity card and post-war writings.