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Prayer book owned by a Jewish Austrian musician and concentration camp inmate

Publication | Accession Number: 2017.101.2

A 1913 compilation prayer book (Seder Tefillat Yisrael) owned by Herschel Herman Merkur in Vienna, Austria, before the Holocaust and brought with Adolf (later William), one of his 7 children, when he immigrated to Australia postwar. On March 13, 1938, Germany annexed Austria. New legislation was created that quickly restricted Jewish life. Two of Herman’s older children, Lise and Isak, emigrated. In November, following the Kristallnacht pogrom, Herman’s son Bernhard was arrested and imprisoned in Germany, and later emigrated. In fall 1939, Herman and his family were moved into the ghetto and he was forced to brush tar onto the asphalt streets. His daughter, Franzi, escaped to France not long before Herman, his wife, Mina, and their youngest sons, Sigi and Adolf, were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia, in October 1942. In November, Mina died of dysentery. On September 28, 1944, Adolf and Sigi, were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. In October, Herman was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he was sent to the gas chamber and killed on October 9, 1944. In May 1945, Sigi died in Kaufering VII, a sub-camp of Dachau concentration camp. After the war, 6 of Herman’s 7 children were still alive, three having survived imprisonment in several transit, labor, and concentration camps.

Title
Seder Tefillat Yisrael
Alternate Title
Prayer Book - Prayers for Israel, German translation
Date
1913  (publication)
Geography
publication : Vienna (Austria)
publication : Budapest (Hungary)
Language
Hebrew
German
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Janet Merkur
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Record last modified: 2018-10-11 16:28:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn559412