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Kiddush saucer engraved with a Star of David owned by a Romanian Jewish family

Object | Accession Number: 2017.356.2

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    Kiddush saucer engraved with a Star of David owned by a Romanian Jewish family

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    Brief Narrative
    Kiddush cup saucer engraved with a Star of David and crescent moon owned by a Jewish family living on Rodnei Street close to the center of Tîrgu-Mureș (Târgu Mureş), Romania before World War II. A Kiddush cup is a ceremonial vessel to hold wine for the blessing said at Shabbat and holiday meals. The star was often depicted alongside a crescent moon in older decorative elements. Before World War II, Tîrgu-Mureș was home to a robust, diverse, and prosperous Jewish community of more than 2,000 people. The town was in the historically contested region of Transylvania, which became part of Romania after World War I. In 1937, the fascist Romanian government enacted anti-Jewish laws similar to those in Nazi Germany. In August 1940, northern Romania, including Transylvania, was ceded to Hungary and joined the Axis Alliance in November. In Transylvania, the Hungarian authorities conscripted Jews to work in forced labor battalions and changed laws. Following several German defeats in 1943, Hungary realized that Germany was likely to lose and began to negotiate with the Allies, which prompted Germany to occupy Hungary in March 1944. In May, a Jewish ghetto was established in the brickyard of Tîrgu-Mureș and more than 7,000 Jews from the local area were held there. They were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp in German occupied Poland, between May 27 and June 8, where the majority were murdered.
    use:  before 1944 May
    use: Tirgu-Mures (Romania)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Borbála Kriza

    Physical Details

    Jewish Art and Symbolism
    Object Type
    Kiddush cups (lcsh)
    Kiddush cups.
    Physical Description
    Shallow, circular, brass colored metal saucer with a flat base and low, flared, scalloped sides. Engraved at the center is a Star of David with a thick crescent moon in the open center. Around the star are several concentric, decorative bands. The first is a band of embossed Xs with black, horizontal and vertical lines filling the background and flanked by smooth, narrow bands. These are ringed with a band of smooth scallops edged with a row of scallops engraved with lines and bordered by a smooth, wide outer ring. The sides extend up and form a scalloped edge. Each scallop has a slightly rolled tip with a crescent engraved in the center. The underside is flat, smooth, and shiny with some visible elements of the surface design. The surface is worn and discolored, and some of the side scallops are slightly misshapen.
    overall: Height: 0.375 inches (0.953 cm) | Diameter: 4.500 inches (11.43 cm)
    overall : metal

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The Kiddush cup saucer was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2017 by Borbála Kriza.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:16:46
    This page:

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