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Kiddush saucer engraved with a Star of David owned by a Romanian Jewish family

Object | Accession Number: 2017.356.2

Kiddush cup saucer engraved with a Star of David and crescent moon owned by a Jewish family living on Rodnei Street close to the center of Tîrgu-Mureș (Târgu Mureş), Romania before World War II. A Kiddush cup is a ceremonial vessel to hold wine for the blessing said at Shabbat and holiday meals. The star was often depicted alongside a crescent moon in older decorative elements. Before World War II, Tîrgu-Mureș was home to a robust, diverse, and prosperous Jewish community of more than 2,000 people. The town was in the historically contested region of Transylvania, which became part of Romania after World War I. In 1937, the fascist Romanian government enacted anti-Jewish laws similar to those in Nazi Germany. In August 1940, northern Romania, including Transylvania, was ceded to Hungary and joined the Axis Alliance in November. In Transylvania, the Hungarians conscripted Romanian Jews to work in forced labor battalions and changed laws and place names, including switching Rodnei Street to Kemény Zsigmond utca. Following several German defeats in 1943, Hungary realized that Germany was likely to lose and began to negotiate with the Allies, which prompted Germany to occupy Hungary in March 1944. In May, a Jewish ghetto was established in the brickyard of Tîrgu-Mureș and more than 7,000 Jews from the local area were held there. They were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp in German occupied Poland, between May 27 and June 8, where the majority were murdered.

Date
before 1944 May  (use)
Geography
use : Tirgu-Mures (Romania)
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Kiddush cups (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Kiddush cups.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Borbála Kriza
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Record last modified: 2018-08-14 07:46:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn564931