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Rudniki Forest tree trunk

Object | Accession Number: 1992.100.2

Tree trunk from the Rudniki Forest in Vilno, Lithuania. The tree is significant because it comes from the Rudniki Forest in Lithuania. This forest was used as a haven, mainly, from the Spring of 1943 to the Summer of 1944. It was inhabited by a partisan organization which had existed in a ghetto in the town of Vilno. Its underground members had existed as zionist youth movements when Vilno became occupied. It reorganized and became the Fareynegte Partizaner Organizatsye (united Partisan Organization) under the direction of Yitzhak Wittenberg. As the liquidation and murder of Jews went on around the Vilno ghetto, the FPO began to collect ammunition, buying it from towns people in the area and smuggling it out of a weapons plant at Borbiszyki, where the FPO people worked. They left Vilno after hundreds of mass murders had already occurred, warning the ghetto to rise up and revolt; "...not to go like sheep to the slaughter, "but to revolt. They were unsuccessful. Previous to the last "aktion" against the Jews, Wittenberg was forced to turn himself in to prevent this "aktion." He did so only to protect the Jews of Vilno, committing suicide the following day. In the meantime, the Jews of Vilno were deported to camps in Estonia, Latvia and Sobibor or mass murdered near Vilno. The FPO moved its members, previous to this liquidation of the ghetto, to the Rudniki and Narock forests via sewers. A total of 600-700 people in all joined the FPO (500 youths). The FPO then met up with the Soviet partisans, forming the Partisans, which were non-religious units. They remained there until they were liberated by the Soviet army July 13, 1944.

Classification
Materials
Category
Plant materials
Object Type
Tree trunks (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Lithuanian Ministry of Forestry
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn5683