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Allied Military Authority currency, 2 francs, for use in France, owned by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 1992.122.9

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    Allied Military Authority currency, 2 francs, for use in France, owned by a US soldier

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    Brief Narrative
    Allied Military Authority currency, 2 francs, for use in France owned by and likely issued to Harold Burdette Conlan, a soldier in 701st D Company, US Army. This type of scrip was printed by the British and Americans for the June 1944 D-Day invasion and after. Military currency or occupation money was produced for use by military personnel in occupied territories. Conlan's unit was in Germany in early April 1945 and assisted in the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camp which was discovered by troops from the 6th Army on April 11, 1945. Starving prisoners had already seized control of the camp after the Germans began evacuations. Other US Army units soon arrived to help care for the over 20,000 ill and malnourished prisoners and restore order and sanitary conditions. The war ended with Germany's surrender on May 7, 1945.
    issue:  1944
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ruth Conlan
    face, four corners, green ink : 2
    face, top, green ink : ĒMIS EN / FRANCE [Issued in / France]
    face, center, black ink : 48467420
    face, bottom, green ink : DEUX / 2 / FRANCS
    face, top left, black ink : SERIE DE / 1944
    face, bottom right, black ink : SERIE DE / 1944
    Subject: Harold B. Conlan
    Harold Burdette Conlan was born on April 25, 1905, to Howard and Lillian Lightcap Conlan in Salamanca, New York. He had a younger brother Robert. Harold grew up in Mansfield, Ohio. He was a truck driver. In early December 1941, the United States entered World War II (1939-1945.) Harold entered the Army on April 22, 1942. He was assigned to 701st Company D and deployed to Europe in 1944. In April 1945, his unit was in Germany. Harold and his unit assisted in the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, which was discovered by the 6th Army on April 11.

    The war ended on May 7, 1945, with Germany's surrender. Harold returned stateside and was released from the Army on September 21. He was married to Ruth Silcott (1914-2005). The couple had two daughters. Conlan brought home several items that he had found in the liberated Buchenwald concentration camp. When he told his family about that experience, he instructed them to care for and reverence the items and to never forget the tragic circumstance in which they were found. Harold, 73, passed away on January 4, 1978.

    Physical Details

    Exchange Media
    Physical Description
    Square paper currency with a blue-green underprint with a dome flanked by torches with superimposed black wavy lines, and a decorative black border. The denomination 2 is in the 4 inner corners in green ink. The serial number and French text are in the center. The denomination DEUX 2 FRANCS is in the bottom center. The reverse has a red and blue underprint with wavy and distorted lines and a geometric patterned blue border. In the center is a floating French flag with 3 vertical stripes: blue, white, red. Across the bottom of the flagpole is a decorative blue panel with scrollwork flourishes and the French national motto: Liberte Egalite Fraternite. The note is stained, worn, wrinkled, and creased.
    overall: Height: 2.625 inches (6.668 cm) | Width: 3.000 inches (7.62 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1992 by Ruth Conlan, the wife of Harold Burdette Conlan.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-02 10:30:42
    This page:

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