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Broken brick manufactured by the Kőszeg brick factory

Object | Accession Number: 2017.441.1 a-b

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    Broken brick manufactured by the Kőszeg brick factory

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Brick manufactured by the Kőszeg Varosi Teglagyàr (Kőszeg Urban Brickworks) in Kőszeg, Hungary. Jewish residency in the town began in the 14th century and continued for five hundred years. From 1919 to 1921, Jews in Kőszeg and throughout Hungary were targeted by the White Terror pogroms for their perceived association with communism. Leading up to World War II, the Jewish population in the town was approximately one hundred people. In December 1940, a forced labor camp was established with Jewish and non-Jewish workers at a brick field and an old brewery in the town. The camp housed eight thousand laborers who were forced to march ten kilometers to and from work. They worked ten hour days, seven days a week, with only a daily ration of 17 ounces of bread. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary and the Jews of Kőszeg along with other Jews from the surrounding area were confined to a small ghetto in the town. On July 4, they were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German occupied Poland. In March 1945, the Germans liquidated the labor camp. As part of the liquidation, ninety five sick laborers were locked in a sealed barrack and gassed to death on the property of the brick factory. In 1985, a park and a memorial were erected on the property of the former brick factory.
    Date
    manufacture:  1850-1950
    Geography
    manufacture: Kőszeg (Hungary)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. József Rábai
    Markings
    a. top, center, impressed, manufacturer’s mark : V 1 [VÁROSI TEGLAGYÁR]
    Contributor
    Manufacturer: Ko?szeg Urban Brickworks

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hungarian
    Classification
    Materials
    Object Type
    Bricks (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    a) Larger left side of a gray colored clay brick with a porous surface and rounded edges. The brick has broken diagonally through the center, revealing a red interior. The top center has half of the manufacture’s mark pressed into the surface. The front, back and bottom are speckled with pale white spots and the bottom is heavily pitted. The lower front edge has a large indentation.

    b) Smaller right side of a gray colored clay brick with a porous surface and rounded edges. The brick has broken diagonally through the center, revealing a red interior. The top center has half of the manufacture’s mark pressed into the surface. The front, back and bottom are speckled with pale white spots and the bottom is heavily pitted.
    Dimensions
    a: Height: 2.625 inches (6.668 cm) | Width: 7.325 inches (18.606 cm) | Depth: 4.750 inches (12.065 cm)
    b: Height: 2.625 inches (6.668 cm) | Width: 5.750 inches (14.605 cm) | Depth: 4.625 inches (11.747 cm)
    Materials
    overall : brick

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The brick was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2017 by Dr. József Ràbai.
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:11:14
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn592500

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