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Barbed wire and a key in a shadowbox display belonging to a German-American internee

Object | Accession Number: 2017.632.1

A collection of objects commemorating the February 1946 stay of Arthur Jacobs at Camp 76, a detention center for German repatriates used by the United States Army at Hohenasperg in Asperg, Germany. Arthur was born in New York to German parents. In November 1944, his father, Lambert Dietrich, was arrested on unsubstantiated information and interned at the Ellis Island Immigration Station as an enemy alien. In February 1945, Arthur, his brother, and his mother voluntarily joined Lambert at Ellis Island. At the end of April, the family was transferred to the Crystal City Texas Family Internment Camp. Facing deportation following the end of the war, Arthur’s parents volunteered to be repatriated to Germany, and took their children with them. They arrived in Germany in January 1946, met by a host of armed US soldiers. After almost four days traveling by boxcar with little nourishment, Arthur, his brother, and his father were taken to Camp 76, situated at a former fortress and prison named Hohenasperg. During the war, Hohenasperg was used for medical experimentation and as a collection center for Sinti and Roma families, but from 1945 to 1947, the US Army used it as a detention center for denazification and re-education. Without a passport to prove his American citizenship, Arthur was treated as a German national. Arthur and his brother were released after a week, as were their parents the following month. Arthur and his brother returned to the United States on November 10, 1947. Their parents remained in Germany, where Arthur traveled to reunite with them in June 1958.

Date
commemoration:  1946 January 31-1946 February 07
Geography
representation: Hohenasperg (Asperg, Germany); Asperg (Germany)
Language
English
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Souvenirs
Object Type
Souvenirs (aat)
Genre/Form
Collages.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Arthur Jacobs.
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Record last modified: 2019-07-26 08:42:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn592686