Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 2 kronen note, acquired by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2012.425.5

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip for 2 kronen owned by Wolfgang Rauner. The scrip was issued in the camp in 1943. All currency was confiscated from inmates upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. Theresienstadt was a multi-use camp, acting as a settlement, transit camp, and propaganda tool, for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was located near Prague, in a region of Czechoslovakia occupied by Germany, renamed the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and made part of the Greater German Reich. Wolfgang and his family fled Trier, Germany, for Luxembourg in September 1935 to escape the escalating persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime which had ruled since 1933. His father worked to re-establish his food equipment and confectionary sales business. Wolfgang attended local schools as well as Hebrew school run by the close knit Jewish community. His older siblings learned trades to prepare for a future in America. In May 1940, Luxembourg was occupied by Germany. In summer 1941, with assistance from family members already in the US, Wolfgang, 13, his parents, Aron and Neddy, and his two older siblings, Edgar and Gertrude, sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, on the SS Mouzinho, arriving in New York on June 21.

issue:  1943 January 01
emigration:  1941 June
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Wolfgang Rauner
Record last modified: 2023-06-06 12:35:26
This page: