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Broadside from Tel-Aviv announcing closures to mourn the sinking of the refugee ship "Struma"

Object | Accession Number: 2018.10.6

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    Broadside from Tel-Aviv announcing closures to mourn the sinking of the refugee ship "Struma"

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    Brief Narrative
    Broadside issued by the Municipal Corporation of Tel-Aviv and mayor, Israel Rokach, announcing closures and a day of mourning in response to the sinking of the refugee ship, Strumah, in the Black Sea off of Istanbul, Turkey, in February 1942. The Strumah (Struma) was an illegal immigrant ship that left Constanta, Romania, on December 12, 1941, with 767 Jewish refugees fleeing policies enacted by the German-allied, Romanian government. The ship was headed for Istanbul, where the passengers hoped to get visas to enter Palestine (now Israel). The old cargo barge was unsafe and overcrowded. The engine died when it reached Istanbul, and it had to be towed into port. Palestine was ruled by the British who imposed strict immigration limits and refused to provide visas. Turkish authorities also denied entry to the passengers. After being held in quarantine for 70 days, the Strumah was towed out to sea by Turkish police on February 23, 1942. The next day, the ship sank. Initially it was believed to have been sunk after drifting into a minefield, but was actually torpedoed by a Soviet submarine. The sole survivor was 20 year old David Stoliar. He was found in the wreckage by Turkish sailors, jailed in Turkey, but released after 71 days when the British supplied a visa for Palestine.
    Notice to all members of allied troops in Tel Aviv today
    publication/distribution:  1942 February 25
    distribution: Tel Aviv (Palestine) historic; Tel Aviv (Israel)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection. The acquisition of this collection was made possible by the Crown Family.
    front, top center, printed, black ink : MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF TEL-AVIV (black shield) Hebrew characters / NOTICE / TO ALL MEMBERS OF ALLIED TROOPS IN TEL-AVIV TODAY

    front, center, printed, black ink : To explain the reason for the closing down of all Public / Entertainments and Amusements in Tel-Aviv tonight / The Radio brought news late this morning to the effect that the Refugee ship / “Strumaza” with 700 souls, men, women and children, struck a mine in the / black sea off Constantinople and was blown up with all on board. / These 700 Jewish souls, hounded from pillar to post, who had succeeded in / escaping the Nazi terror, had tried to reach a haven of rest. They had been / waiting opposite Turkish shores in this cargo boat capable of carrying only / several hundreds, begging for a temporary foothold and breathing space. / This was refused them and they were ordered away. / Putting off, unguided and unpiloted, from the Turkish shores, the ship entered / a minefield and was blown up with all souls on board. – Many of the dead / have relatives and friends here who begged for the possibility of harbouring / and maintaining them.

    front, bottom center, printed, black ink : TEL-AVIV HAS GONE INTO MOURNING AND ALL ENTERTAINMENTS AND / AMUSEMENTS HAVE BEEN CALLED OFF. / 25th February 1942 / ISRAEL ROKACH / MAYOR OF TEL-AVIV / ,,Haaretz” Press, 56, (?)
    Publisher: Haaretz Press
    Issuer: Municipal Corporation of Tel-Aviv
    Issuer: Israel Rokach

    Physical Details

    English Hebrew
    Information Forms
    Physical Description
    Text only broadside notice with English wording printed in black ink on lightweight, tan paper. The issuer’s name is printed along the top in English and Hebrew with a shield emblem dividing the two. The body consists of 3 centered blocks of text between a bold, uppercase header and footer. The publication information is printed across the bottom and there are handwritten markings on the back. The edges are worn and irregular, the top right corner is cut off, and there is a large, tape-reinforced tear on the right side. The paper is discolored and stained throughout with tape and residue in several areas.
    overall: Height: 18.625 inches (47.308 cm) | Width: 24.750 inches (62.865 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, adhesive tape, pencil
    back, bottom center, handwritten, pencil : 654-27

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Tel Aviv (Israel)
    Corporate Name
    Sṭrumah (Ship)

    Administrative Notes

    The broadside was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2018. The acquisition of this collection was made possible by the Crown Family.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 15:05:03
    This page:

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