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Union Mondiale OSE (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2018.17.1 | RG Number: RG-68.213

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    Contains administration files of the OSE Main Office Paris. Records relate mainly to the organization activities after World War II, and include: memorandums, correspondence, financial statements and budgets, lists of children treated by the OSE in Belgium, 1945-46, publications and pamphlets from other organizations, OSE newsletters, and audit reports from various countries.
    Alternate Title
    World Union OSE-Paris
    inclusive:  1923-2007
    bulk:  1940-1950
    Collection Creator
    World Union OSE
    Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants, commonly abbreviated as OSE, is a French Jewish humanitarian organization that saved hundreds of Jewish refugee children in Vichy France during World War II. Once the war ended, OSE faced the daunting task of accompanying to adulthood the children who had been orphaned and of taking in others who had just been freed from concentration camps. Later on OSE continued to operate in its initial fields of action: health, education and social work. The major issues and goals addressed by OSE today include safeguarding maternal health and that of infants and children; fighting epidemics; providing school health services; promoting hygiene, sanitation and health education; and supporting medical and biological research.The original OZE (Obshchetsvo Zdravookhraneniya Yevreyiev, Organisation for the health protection of Jews), was created in 1912 in Saint Petersburg by doctors, to help needy members of the Jewish population and to protect, feed and support Jewish children who were victims of poverty and persecution. Branches were established in other countries as well. In 1923 the organization relocated to Berlin, under the presidency of Albert Einstein. In 1933, fleeing Nazism, it relocated again, this time to France where it became the Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants /OSE (Society for Rescuing Children), retaining a similar acronym. In the postwar years, the OSE-Union operated 91 medical facilities and provided assistance to more than 85,000 children and adults in 10 European, 9 Latin American, and 4 North African countries, and in Israel. [Source: The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem (CAHJP); References:;]

    Physical Details

    37,924 digital images : JPEG ; 28.1 GB .
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in eight series: 1. Reports, sessions, assembly, conferences, 1937-1965; 2. Activity reports, 1933-1976; 3. Records of activities in different countries, 1945-1976; 4. Administrative files: the status, correspondence, personnel, varia), 1933-1971; 4. Records on the relation with Jewish and non-Jewish organizations, 1953-1971; 5. Financial records, 1945-1968; 6. Publications (Books and periodicals), 1925-1974; 7. Press, 1946-2007; 8. Miscellaneous records, 1945-1963.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. Users are required to complete a User Declaration in order to gain access to the collection.
    Conditions on Use
    Fair use only. Publication and reproduction of records for commercial purposes for third parties require the written permission of the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People (CAHJP).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, CAHJP (Arkhiyon ha-merkazi le-toldot ha-ʻam ha-Yehudi). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received this collection via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Project in January 2018.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-28 09:14:55
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