- Research files related to the experiences of Bertha Teitelbaum Schwarz; records about the Teitelbaum family from Swiss archives; correspondence from the daughter of the smuggler who saved Bertha; and commemoriative stamps of diplomats.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bertha Schwarz
- Collection Creator
- Teitelbaum Family
Bertha Teitelbaum (now Schwarz, b. 1933) was born to Usher (Asher) Teitelbaum (born in Nowy Sacz on April 26, 1910) and Dora Teitelbaum (nee Ksias, born in Cologne, November 4, 1910). Usher was born to Eliezer Stamler and Rivka Teitelbaum. His family immigrated to Belgium in 1925, and his father died shortly afterwards of natural causes. Usher was the youngest of seven siblings, and all of the men worked in the diamond trade. Dora Ksias was the daughter of Yechiel and Leah Ksias of Cologne, Germany. Usher and Dora became engaged in 1931. They married the following year and Dora joined him in Belgium. Bertha was born on January 10, 1933 and grew up in Antwerp, Belgium. She has two younger sisters, Malka (b. 1936) and Bella (b. 1937). In 1936 Bertha went to live with her maternal grandparents in Cologne for a half year at the time of the birth of her younger sister. Her maternal grandparents later fled Germany and joined the family in Belgium.
Ascher and Dora Teitelbaum and their daughters Berta, Malka, and Bella escaped from Belgium to France in May 1940, and were hiding in Orgueil, France from 1940-1941. In 1942, Ascher, who was 32 years old, was arrested and deported from the Septfonds labor camp to the Drancy internment camp and from there, to the Auschwitz concentration camp. At the advice of Rabbi Kaspe, Berta, Malka, and Bella were sent to a children's home in Marseilles in the care of Rabbi Schneersohn, while Dora went into hiding separately. After six months, the children in the home had to escape to a new home near Toulouse after Germany invaded the Vichy Zone. Six months later, Dora and her daughters were reunited in Megève, France and escaped to Switzerland.
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
- Holder of Originals
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2018 by Bertha Teitelbaum Schwarz.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-02-24 14:32:55
- This page:
Also in Bertha Teitelbaum Schwarz collection
Contains materials documenting the Holocaust experiences of the Teitelbaum family. Some of these materials may be combined into a single collection in the future.
Consists of original and copyprint photographs of the family of Ascher and Dora Teitelbaum and their daughters Berta, Malka, and Bella. The photographs were taken between 1927-1944 in France, Switzerland, and Mechelen, Belgium. The photos depict the sisters during the war as well as photographs of extended family who perished in the Holocaust.