- The full collection at the source archive consists of records consolidated from various sources concerning German military forces during WWI and WWII. Includes Bormann orders, records relating to operations on Leningrad, intelligence activities, war diaries of the Strafbataillon (German Penal Battalion) (1944); German leaflets against British and French government (1939); leaflets, posters, newspapers; bulletins of anti-fascist organizations of Denmark (1943-1944); information bulletin of the International Union of Trade Unions; war diaries from occupied countries and from German-Soviet front; albums of photographs relating to life and work of the commander-in-chief of the 2nd German Army on the German-Soviet front (1942-1943); war diaries of German military units (1939-1945); reports on the activities of German military units (1940-1944); statistics on pension payments to invalids of the war and survivors of German fatalities 1940-1941) [Opis 1-2]; materials on various German troops, reports from the 444th Security Division (444 Sicherungs-Division) on duty in the southern Ukraine 1941-1943; situation reports on number, distribution of, and plans for eliminating Jews in numerous locations; reports about the Ukrainian pogrom against Jews in Velikiy Boryslav in July 1941; reports on forms and proofs of Aryan purity of members of the German army; reports on administrative matters including efforts to revive industry and mining, the disposal of collective farms, the attitudes of peasants, and food supplies for the population; information about forced Ukrainian labor for work in the Reich, civilian vehicular traffic, and the confiscation of gold; routine administrative reports from 286th Security Division (286 Sicherungs-Division), including ammunition reserves, rifle training, and weapons maintenance [Opis 3]; records related to WWI (war diaries, newspaper clippings, essays, lectures, and brochures); records relating to WWII: correspondence, radio messages, arrangements, orders and instructions in the military units of German Army, a list of the troop units intended for the implementation of the Barbarossa plan by German Wehrmacht (1941); registers of missing persons (1942-1944); secret messages of the German Press Office on industry, cultural events and the press in the occupied countries; war diaries; geographic maps of the military air raids, German anti-Soviet leaflets; memories of an unknown eyewitness of the German war in Poland in the WWII; essays, articles, clippings, speeches (Mussolini) related to WWII matters; diaries of a prisoner of war [Opis 5]; investigation files of the war guards of the German army; lists of German soldiers; interrogation records of soldiers; personal records of the German troops, records of various German military units including registers of death soldiers, expanses of prisoners of war, geographical maps [Opis 6]. Note: USHMM Archives holds only selected records.
- Alternate Title
- Records of the Former Military Archive in Potsdam
- Credit Line
- Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
- Collection Creator
- Reichsarchiv (Germany)
The Reichsarchiv in Potsdam served from 1919 to 1945 as a central archive for all acts of the German Reich. Among the tasks of the archive was the collection and cataloging of all produced since 1871 records of the German Reich, especially the files of the recently ended World War II. In addition, it should provide users with information and allow an exploration of imperial history-especially the history of the World War. The Heereasarchiv in Potsdam-Former Military archives in Potsdam was established in 1919 with the goal of collecting, preserving and study documents of the German military and German history. Archives authority was responsible to survey archives in the German occupied territories and transfer selected records to the Reich. [Source: Wikipedia]
- Fishman, D. E. and Kupovetsky, M, Kuzelenkov, V. (ed.), Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive. Scranton: University of Scranton Press 2010. Published in association with the United States Holocaust memorial Museum and The Jewish Theological Seminary.
Browder, G. C. Captured German and other Nation's Documents in the Osobyi (Special) Archive, Moscow. Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical Association. Internet access: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4546224
- Articles. Correspondence. Diaries. Leaflets. Letters. Photographs. Posters. Registers. Reports.
4 microfilm reels (partial) ; 16 mm.
7,668 digital images : JPEG.
- System of Arrangement
- Fond 1275 (1838-1945). Opis 1-3; 5-6; Dela 1730. Selected records arranged in seven series: 1. Situation reports of the Security Division 444 (Ukraine and Poland); 2. Records on various German administrative matters (mostly on Ukraine); 3. Materials collected by the German archive in the town of Potsdam, 1919-1945; 4. Formation of local police units (Ordnungsdienst, Schutzmannschaften) on the occupied territory of the USSR, 1942; 5. Interrogation of solders, and war diaries, 1939-1942; 6. Memories of an unknown eyewitness of the German war in Poland in the WWII; 7. Correspondence, letters and photographs from the Eastern front sent to Germany, Jan. 1942; 7. Records on antifascist propaganda and maps.
Note: Opis 4: Records transferred to Fond 1380 at the source Archives.
USHMM Archives holds only selected records of Fond 1275:
Reel 92: Opis 3, dela 661, 662, 663, 664, 665;
Reel 396: Opis 2, dela 96a, 328, 367, 371, 372, 378;
Reel 397: Opis 2, delo 387; Opis 3, dela 39, 43, 45, 46, 67, 93, 96; Opis 3, dela 179, 228, 238, 357, 376, 377, 378, 387, 388, 389, 390;
Reel 398: Opis 3, dela 390, 391, 392; Opis 6, dela 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 70.
Note: Location of digital images; Partial microfilm reels: 92, 396-398;
Reel 92: Image #302-#574; Image #788-#2069;
Reel 396: Image #1733-Reel end;
Reel 397-Entire reel;
Reel 398-Reel start -Image #1738.
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Reproduction and publication only with written permission of the Russian State Military Archives
- Copyright Holder
- Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv
Keywords & Subjects
- Topical Term
- World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns & battles. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities--Europe. World War, 1939-1945--Confiscations and contributions--Europe. Jews--Persecutions--Ukraine--History--20th century. Antisemitism--Europe--20th century. Pogroms--Ukraine--Velykyĭ Bychkiv--History--20th century. Forced labor--Europe--History--20th century. Prisoners of war--History--20th century. National socialism--Germany--History--20th century. Military personnel--Germany--History. Holocaust Jewish (1939-1945)--Europe--History.
- Geographic Name
- Germany--Politics and government--1933-1945. Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945. Germany--History, Military--20th century. Germany--Armed Forces--20th century. Ukraine--History--German occupation, 1941-1944. Velykyĭ Bychkiv (Ukraine)
- Holder of Originals
Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Source of acquisition is the Russian State Military Archive (Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv), Osobyi Archive, Fond 1275. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in 1993, accretion in 2002, and 2004. During cataloging in 2018 records of RG-11.001M.71 added to this collection.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-08-25 08:31:53
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