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Luftwaffe ground crew overseas cap with eagle acquired by US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 1985.1.15

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    Luftwaffe ground crew overseas cap with eagle acquired by US soldier

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Luftwaffe ground crew overseas or garrison cap with a 1st pattern Luftwaffe eagle patch brought back from the war by Bernard B. Cohen, a American soldier. This patch, with the drop tailed, spread winged eagle in right profle clutching a swastila in 1 talon, was produced ca. 1935-1937; the hat ca. 1938. Bernard was with the United States Third Army as it fought its way across Europe from the fall of 1944 through the end of the war in May 1945.
    Date
    found:  approximately 1945
    manufacture:  1938
    Geography
    found: Germany
    manufacture: Berlin (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Estelle Cohen
    Markings
    interior, left side, stenciled, white and yellow paint : Pranke & Domgalla / Berlin SW 68 / Stallschreiberstr. 58 / 1938 57 / L.8.A.8 38
    Contributor
    Subject: Bernard B. Cohen
    Issuer: Germany. Luftwaffe
    Manufacturer: Pranke & Domgalle
    Biography
    Bernard Baruch Cohen was born on June 22, 1920, in Philadelphia, PA, to Simon and Sarah Cohen. His Yiddish speaking parents had immigrated to the United States from Imperial Russia. Bernard was the second of four children. After completing high school, he worked in a restaurant, and then at Sam Gerson’s apparel shop. In 1941, he married Estelle Elias (1922-2008.).

    In December 1941, the United States entered World War II (1939-1945.) Bernard enlisted in the US Army, Warrant Officers Branch, on February 11, 1943, and entered active service on February 18, He served with the Third Army under General Patton in combat across Europe from late October 1944 - mid-July 1945. Bernard was honorably discharged from the military on November 1, 1945. He returned to Philadelphia. Bernard and Estelle had a son and a daughter. They owned and operated two maternity and baby shops, Dorebel's Maternity and Baby Shops in South Philadelphia and Mayfair. They were members of Adath Shalom synagogue and active in the wider Jewish community. Bernard, 63, passed away on August 23, 1983, in Philadelphia. In 1986, Estelle received the Israel Freedom Award from the State of Israel Women's Division. Estelle, 86, passed away on August 26, 2008.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Dress Accessories
    Category
    Headgear
    Object Type
    Garrison caps (lcsh)
    Genre/Form
    Uniforms
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, foldable, sheeny, black herringbone twill cloth cap with a curved, creased top and a folded turn-up that slopes down at the front. It is lined with woven black cloth. A gray embroidered 1st pattern Luftwaffe eagle patch on a black field is hand stitched to the front. It is well used and discolored and the exterior has white stains resembling sweat marks.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 4.250 inches (10.795 cm) | Width: 10.875 inches (27.623 cm)
    Materials
    overall : cotton, linen, rayon, thread, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    Germany. Luftwaffe

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Luftwaffe cap was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1985 by Estelle Cohen, the wife of Bernard B. Cohen.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-01-16 06:56:40
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn6

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