Beige patch embroidered with Czechoslovakia owned by a Jewish refugee
approximately 1948-approximately 1950
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Peter Bartis
Cloth badge embroidered with Czechoslovakia acquired by Ruth Rappaport, possibly when she worked as a foreign correspondent in Israel from 1948-1950. On November 8, 1938, one night before the Kristallnacht pogrom, Ruth’s non-Jewish neighbors in Leipzig, Germany, warned her parents, Mendel and Helene, not to leave their house the following day. Sixteen year old Ruth went out and witnessed the burning of her synagogue and other brutal acts against the Jewish population. Ruth and her parents soon left for Switzerland. After a few months, Mendel and Helene decided to return to Leipzig, but Ruth did not want to go back, and jumped off the train as it was leaving the station. Ruth’s maternal uncle Carl Rubenstein sponsored her immigration to the United States. Ruth left on October 26, 1939. and went to live with her uncle in Seattle. Until 1941, Carl tried to acquire visas for Mendel and Helene to travel from Cuba to America, but the entry of the US into the war in December ended that possbility. Ruth later learned that Helene and Mendel were deported to Buchenwald concentration camp, where Helene was murdered in August 1943, and Mendel died from heart failure on January 13, 1944.
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:14:02
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn60580
Also in Ruth Rappaport collection
The collection consists of a shoulder patch, documents, photographs, and publications relating to the experiences of Ruth Rappaport before the war in Leipzig, Germany, and Zurich, Switzerland, during the war in Seattle, Washington, and after the war in the United States, Palestine, Israel, and Japan.
The Ruth Rappaport papers consists of biographical material, correspondence, diaries, and photographs relating to Ruth Rappaport’s pre-war and wartime experiences fleeing Germany and immigrating to the United States. The collection also includes extensive correspondence, documents, and photographs relating to Ruth’s work and travels as a journalist in Palestine and Israel from 1948-1949 preparing for a mission trip and reporting on the Israeli War of Independence. Biographical material includes Ruth’s birth verification, United States passport application and passport, naturalization paperwork, certificate of naturalization, United Seamen’s service cards, power of attorney documentation, and Department of Defense identification card as well as report cards, school identification cards, a diploma, graduation programs, and school notebooks for Ruth’s schooling in Germany and Seattle. This series also includes immigration paperwork relating to Ruth’s immigration and her parent’s attempts to immigrate as well as restitution files relating to Ruth’s attempts to claim loss of education, personal property damages, and costs for immigration. Correspondence includes pre-war, wartime, and post-war correspondence between Ruth and various friends, family members, and colleagues. A large portion of the correspondence is from Ruth’s time in Palestine and Israel. In the correspondence they discuss daily life, her career, and various political events. This series also includes two Red Cross messages from Ruth’s father, Mendel, checking in on her and telling Ruth how much they miss her. Diaries and notebooks include calendars, daily notes, diaries, and notebooks kept by Ruth from 1936- 1949. In her diaries Ruth writes about daily life, fleeing Germany, and immigrating to the United States. This series also includes daily notes Ruth kept while in Palestine and Israel from 1948-1949. In the notes she documents events and news relating to the Israeli War of Independence, places she visited, and daily activities mainly relating to her work as a journalist. Work and travel papers include tickets, brochures, pamphlets, boarding passes, invitations, and advertisements acquired by Ruth during her travel on missions and for work. This series also includes official correspondence relating to Ruth’s career and press cards and reports gathered by Ruth during her career as a journalist including a State of Israel identification book. Photographs include pre-war photographs and negatives of Ruth and her family in Germany, France, Switzerland, and Ukraine, photographs and negative of Ruth in Washington D.C. and Seattle after she immigrated to the United States, and photographs and negatives of Ruth during her time in Israel and Palestine.