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Red checked towel embroidered ES saved by German Jewish refugees

Object | Accession Number: 2012.485.4

Red windowpane checked dish towel monogrammed ES received as a wedding gift by Fritz and Juliane Else Silberschmidt in 1933. It was one of a pair, and they received a matching black set as well. These towels were among the very few items that they were permitted to take with them when they left Nazi Germany for the Netherlands in 1939. The rest of the family's personal and household belongings were confiscated by German authorities. Fritz and Juliane, and Fritz's mother Selma and brother Rudolph fled Cologne in 1939. After Germany invaded Poland that September, even legal emigrants were detained as enemy aliens. Fritz was interned at Zeeburgerdijk quarantine center in Amsterdam. After his release, he and Juliane left for America in January 1940. Fritz's brother Rudolph was murdered in Auschwitz in September 1942. His mother survived in hiding and joined them in the US in 1946.

received:  1933
received: Cologne (Germany)
Furnishings and Furniture
Household linens
Object Type
Dish towels (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Peter Silversmith
Record last modified: 2022-08-08 07:22:54
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