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Lodz (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 2 mark note acquired by a Hungarian Jewish youth and former concentration camp inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2012.409.9

Lodz scrip valued at 2 marks that belonged to Ladislav Glattstein. The scrip was issued in the Jewish ghetto in Lodz, renamed Litzmannstadt by the Germans after occupying the city in September 1939. When the Germans transferred Jews to the ghetto, they confiscated all currency in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be spent only inside the ghetto. The scrip was designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council] and includes traditional Jewish symbols. Ladislav, 18, and his family lived in Munkacs, Czechoslovakia (Mukacheve, Ukraine), when it was annexed by Hungary in fall 1938. In 1942, Ladislav was conscripted into a Hungarian forced labor battalion. He was sent to Nagybana labor camp, and, in 1944, to the Ukraine and Balf labor camp. In January 1945, Ladislav was transported to Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria, and, in March, via death march to Gunskirchen subcamp. The camp was liberated by the US Third Army on May 5, 1945. Ladislav's father Julius and his sisters, Edith and Klari, were deported to Auschwitz in May 1944; only Edith survived. Ladislav emigrated to El Paso, Texas, with the assistance of his maternal grandparents and uncles in June 1946.

Date
1940 May 15  (issue)
Geography
issue : Litzmannstadt-Getto (Lodz ghetto) historic; Lodz (Poland)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the family of Larry A. Gladstone, M.D.
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn60759