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Oral history interviews with Luisa Klein, Henry Landman, Anita Weisbourd, Mr. Haberman, and Steven Berger

Oral History | Accession Number: 2015.242.1 | RG Number: RG-50.886.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Luisa Klein, born in Czechoslovakia, describes life before 1938 and experiencing antisemitism after 1938; the closing of Jewish stores and Jewish children not being allowed in schools; having to wear the yellow star; being forced into the ghetto in Ungvar (Uzhhorod, Ukraine) with her family in 1944; being transported a few weeks later to Auschwitz; arriving in the camp and the selections; conditions in the camp; being transported to Frankfurt, Germany with her mother; working in an airport; being transported to Ravensbruck with her mother; losing her mother; being liberated in May 1945; returning to Czechoslovakia and living with a friend; and immigrating to the United States in 1951.

Henry Landman, born in Augsburg, Germany in 1920, describe attending school; losing all of his non-Jewish friends after 1938; life becoming more difficult for Jews in the late 1930s; being arrested on November 10, 1938 and imprisoned with his father and other Jews; being taken by bus to Dachau; conditions and rules in the camp; being assigned to Block 10; staying in Dachau for six weeks; his father getting him out after signing away his land to the Nazis; going to England; and immigrating to the US.

Anita Weisbourd describes being 15 when she went on a Kindertransports to England; finding her family in Hungary after the war; her journey to England; and joining a group for Kindertransport survivors after the war.

Mr. Haberman, born in Poland in 1925, describes experiencing antisemitism from a young age; his father’s lumber yard and being well-off financially; his family’s attempts to escape to the Russian border and returning home once the bombings began; his three brothers; his father losing his business and wealth; having to wear the Jewish star; doing forced labor; the round ups in 1940; being taken to a camp in Sosnowiec; being transported to a forced labor camp in Autmut, Germany; getting food from local townspeople, with whom he worked; being reunited with his brother in 1941 and sent to Shtaltack then to Markstadt (in Laskowice Olawskie, Poland); remaining with his brother and helping one another; his work building water pipes; going to Philshtiphkin for three years doing hard labor; being sent on a death march in 1944 and the harsh conditions during the march; going to Gross-Rosen then Buchenwald; going to Dachau; his brother getting sick in Dachau; being liberated by Americans during a march; staying in Germany for a while and reuniting with his two other brothers; and the death of his parents in Auschwitz.

Steve Berger, born in Hungary, describes experiencing antisemitism all his life; the German occupation and being put into a ghetto in 1944 with his family; conditions in the ghetto; getting transported on June 26, 1944 with his mother and sister to the Strasshof concentration camp; his father being taken to a labor camp earlier in 1944; conditions in the camp and remaining with his family; his work in the camp unloading iron and steel; working in a machine factory; roll calls; being liberated by the Russians in 1945; and finding his father after the war.

Interviewee
Steven Berger
Luisa Klein
Mr. Henry Landman
Anita Weisbourd
Mr. Haberman
Interviewer
Nathan Leight
Date
1995  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 digital files : WAV.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Nathan Leight
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:38:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607639