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Hans Vogel diary

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2013.160.1

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    Hans Vogel diary

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    Consists of one spiral-bound diary, handwritten in German with illustrations and insertions, written by Hans Vogel, originally of Cologne, Germany. The diary, which covers the period of July 24, 1940 to August 9, 1941, describes the Vogel family's life in exile in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France and concludes on the day the family arrived from Europe in New York City in August 1941.
    inclusive:  1940-1941
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Eva Vogel
    Collection Creator
    Hans Vogel
    Hans Yakov Vogel (December 3, 1926-1943), was born in Cologne, Germany, the son of Simon (b. 1898) and Hannah Vogel (b.1898), and had a younger brother, Walter Joseph (August 1, 1929). Hans’ paternal grandfather, Jacob Yakov Vogel, was prominent in a Jewish congregation and worked in the chemical and steel trade, which both Simon and Hannah adopted as their professions. The family celebrated major holidays and attended synagogue regularly. Walter and Hans attended a Jewish day school.

    In May 1936, Simon and Hannah planned a departure from Germany. The family, along with their nanny, Ruth Heymann, arrived in Paris by train where they resided in a Jewish community for several years. In 1937, Walter became sick with jaundice and was hospitalized from the spring of 1938 to the spring of 1939. Upon his return to Paris, his parents left for a trip to the United States for a work opportunity, sending Walter, Hans, and Ruth to a resort in France for the summer of 1939. Simon and Hannah returned to France in August 1939. A week later, while visiting Walter, Hans, and Ruth on vacation, Simon was arrested and sent to the Lisieux detention camp, and later Gurs. Hannah, Walter, Hans, and Ruth remained in Paris until Ruth was arrested and detained in Gurs in April 1940.

    Hannah, Walter, and Hans left Paris on May 13, 1940. When Simon was released from Gurs, the family reunited and settled in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, in the unoccupied zone, near the Spanish border. They remained there from June 1940 until April 1941, when they received papers from the United States Consulate allowing them to immigrate. They arrived in New York via Lisbon on the steamer Nyassa in August 1941. Hans Vogel died at the age of 16 from an illness in 1943.

    Physical Details

    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged as one folder.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Eva Vogel donated her brother-in-law's diary to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in June 2013.
    Funding Note
    The accessibility of this collection was made possible by the generous donors to our crowdfunded Save Their Stories campaign.
    Record last modified:
    2023-04-18 10:34:35
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