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William A. Spiegler collection related to Josiah E. DuBois, Jr.

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.115.1

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    William A. Spiegler collection related to Josiah E. DuBois, Jr.

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    This collection contains material collected by the late historian William A. Spiegler, who was preparing to write a biography of Josiah E. DuBois, Jr. Though much of the collection consists of copies from various archival sources and publications, it is an excellent resource for historians studying DuBois and his work with the War Refugee Board and on the I.G. Farben trial. The collection includes original and copied drafts, with handwritten changes, corrections, and notes, of “The Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of this Government in the Murder of the Jews,” “Personal Report to the President,” and “Memorandum for Secretary Hull.” The “Acquiescence” report has received a great deal of scholarly attention and though a few scholars have mentioned seeing the drafts, they were not previously accessible. The collection also contains a photocopy of notes which DuBois made on a visit to the State Department in December 1943 regarding State Department cables 354 and 482; this visit, too, has received a great deal of scholarly attention, though DuBois’ notes have never previously been available.

    The collection also contains DuBois’ travel paperwork for the multiple overseas trips he took on behalf of the Treasury Department during the war, incoming and outgoing correspondence logs, and copies of Treasury Department bureaucratic memorandum. A small notebook he kept while in Europe in the summer of 1945 for the Moscow Conference is also included. There is also a great deal of correspondence between DuBois and Edward Johnson, who assisted DuBois in the preparation and writing of The Devil’s Chemists and documentation regarding DuBois’ attempts to market his work.
    inclusive:  1913-2006
    bulk:  1943-1953
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Louis Spiegler
    Collection Creator
    Josiah E. DuBois Jr.
    William Spiegler
    Josiah Ellis DuBois, Jr., was born in Camden, NJ on October 21, 1912 to Josiah Ellis DuBois, Sr. and Amelia Ayles DuBois. The oldest of eight children, DuBois graduated from high school in Woodbury, NJ, at age fourteen and from the University of Pennsylvania at eighteen. He received his law degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1934. He married Dorothy Clement DuBois and joined the Treasury Department in January 1936. He briefly left Washington prior to the outbreak of World War II to join his brother in a family law practice, but rejoined the Treasury Department in 1941, working in the office of the General Counsel and with Foreign Funds Control. In 1943, he and other Treasury Department lawyers documented the State Department’s delays and obstruction related to the persecution of Jews and other victims of Nazi persecution. DuBois is credited with the initial draft of “The Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of this Government in the Murder of the Jews,” which was presented to Secretary of State Henry Morgenthau in January 1944. On the basis of the Treasury Department’s work, President Roosevelt signed an Executive Order creating the War Refugee Board, with which DuBois served as general counsel. He participated in the Moscow Conference and with post-war economic and war crimes planning. He resigned from the Treasury Department in 1946. In 1947, he went to Nuremberg, Germany, and was the chief American prosecutor of United States v. Carl Krauch, et al., otherwise known as Military Tribunal VI, or the I.G. Farben trial. After returning to the United States, he wrote The Devil’s Chemists (1952) about the trial. He stayed in private practice in New Jersey for the rest of his career. Josiah DuBois passed away on August 1, 1983.

    Physical Details

    Research papers.
    8 boxes
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged in five series:
    Series 1: Original documents, 1938-1980
    Series 2: Research material related to Josiah DuBois, copies dated 1921-1990s
    Series 3: Subject files, copies dated 1937-1999
    Series 4: Publications, copies dated 1913-1995
    Series 5: Clippings, copies dated 1941-2006

    Series 1, 2, 4, 5 are organized chronologically by earliest date. Series 3 is alphabetical.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Louis Spiegler retains copyright on his father's writings. Other material in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    United States

    Administrative Notes

    Louis Spiegler donated his late father's work and collection related to Josiah E. DuBois, Jr, to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-28 07:52:28
    This page:

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