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Beller family papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2015.311.1

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    Beller family papers

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    Consists of documents, copyprints, and lesson books owned by the family of Leo and Mina Beller and their son Paul, originally of Vienna, Austria. Includes Mina Tennenbaum Beller's education documents; Paul Beller's handwritten lesson books (1938-1939); and a transit card and passport used by Leo Beller (1938-1940).
    inclusive:  1919-1941
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Glenda and Paul Beller
    Collection Creator
    Beller family
    Paul Beller was born in 1931 to Simche Leib (Leo) Beller (b. 1901) and Mina Tennenbaum. He was one of the “50 children” rescued in 1939 by Americans Gilbert and Eleanor Kraus. Leo Beller was born in Bubrika, Poland (now Bóbrka, Ukraine) and moved to Vienna in 1915. Mina Tennenbaum was born and raised in Austria. In the spring of 1939, fearful of the future, Leo and Mina sent Paul to the United States with the “50 children.” He was taken to Pennsylvania, where he spent the summer at the Brith Sholom summer camp and then spent a year living with the Amram family on their farm in Feasterville, PA. Mina was able to obtain a visa for the United States, and immigrated in early 1940, joining several members of her family and reuniting with Paul. Leo, who had never taken Austrian citizenship, was officially stateless. He managed to evade arrest at one point by having his appendix removed, an unnecessary procedure that kept him in the hospital for several days. At the American consulate, he was denied a visa on the grounds that he had tuberculosis, which he did not. In the spring of 1940, he sailed down the Danube to Bratislava on the "Patronka" and was interned near Bratislava. In August 1940, he left on the "Helios", transferring to the "Atlantic" for the trip to Palestine, where the ship's passengers planned to attempt an illegal entry. They witnessed the explosion of the Patria and were turned away from Palestine, sailing instead for Mauritius and arriving in late December. In Mauritius, Leo was interned in the Beau Bassin prison, where he remained until August 1945, when he was permitted to enter Palestine. He immigrated to the United States to join Mina and Paul in 1946. Paul later married, and he and his wife, Glenda have three children, seven grandchildren, and three great-grand-children. They live in New Jersey.

    Physical Details

    German Hebrew
    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Vienna (Austria)

    Administrative Notes

    Paul and Glenda Beller donated this collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2015.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:34:05
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