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Star of David yellow cloth badge printed with Jude, worn by an Austrian Jewish woman

Object | Accession Number: 2018.102.2

Yellow factory-printed Star of David badge worn by Lucie Fried (later Steinhagen) while living in Vienna, Austria. After the German annexation of Austria in 1938, anti-Jewish legislation was quickly introduced and Jewish-owned businesses and property were confiscated. Lucie had to leave her public school, her mother lost the family retail store, and her brother was imprisoned in Dachau concentration camp for three weeks before immigrating to the United States. A quota on Polish immigrants prevented Lucie's Polish born mother, Fanny, from obtaining a visa for the United States. Lucie stayed with Fanny in Vienna and began volunteering at a Jewish-run community garden. On September 1, 1941, all Jews in the Reich six years of age or older were required to wear a badge which consisted of a yellow, black-outlined Star of David with the word “Jew” printed inside the star in German or in the local language. The badge was used to stigmatize and control the Jewish population. Lucie wore this badge everywhere she went, until she, her mother, and her grandmother were deported to the Theresienstadt ghetto-camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia in August 1942. Her grandmother died after five months, but Lucie and Fanny lived in Theresienstadt for three years until the Soviet Army liberated the camp on May 9, 1945. They eventually re-located to the Deggendorf displaced persons camp before immigrating to New York in 1946.

Date
approximately 1941-approximately 1942  (use)
Geography
use : Vienna (Austria)
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Genre/Form
Magen David badges.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lucie Steinhagen
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn610417