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Abridged prayer book for Jews in the armed forces of the United States used by a German Jewish refugee

Publication | Accession Number: 2018.204.3

Abridged prayer book for Jewish soldiers in the United States armed forces owned by German Jewish refugee Berthold Meier during his service in the US Army from April 6, 1943 to March 17, 1946. The book included the principal Jewish prayer services for times when the owner was unable to attend regular synagogue services. Berthold grew up in Littfeld, Germany with his mother, Toni. His father, Seligmann, died when Berthold was 8 years old. His mother was killed in the Holocaust after being deported to Poland’s Zamosc Ghetto in April 1942. Berthold was working as a butcher in Littfeld when Hitler came to power in January 1933. Following the passage of the Nuremberg Laws in September 1935, Berthold was legally defined as a Jew, which led to growing restrictions on his rights. He immigrated to the US in April 1939, and worked as a meat cutter in New York City. On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor leading to the US entering the war. Berthold was drafted into the Army on March 30, 1943. He was assigned to the Medical Department as a Private, and sent to the 275th Station Hospital at Fort Knox, Kentucky to work as a meat cutter. On July 26, 1944 Berthold was deployed to England and began his assignment at the 140th General Hospital in Dorsetshire. Due to his expertise as a butcher, he also received a promotion in rank to a Technician 5th Grade. Berthold returned to the US on August 2, 1945 and received an honorable discharge on March 17, 1946.

Title
Prayer Book Abridged for Jews in the Armed Forces of the United States
Date
publication:  1943
use:  after 1943 April 06-approximately 1946 March 17
Geography
publication: Philadelphia (Pa.)
use: Dorset (England)
Language
English
Hebrew
Genre/Form
Prayer book.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Steven Weingarten
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Record last modified: 2019-07-22 14:30:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn613352