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Gmina Żydowska w Bydgoszczy (Sygn. 104)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2018.333.1 | RG Number: RG-15.620

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    This collection contains protocols and reports on the meetings of the Commune Management and Council of Representatives, documents regarding elections to the Council of Representatives, donations and foundations for the benefit of the commune. In addition, also included are financial documents such as tax books, revenue and expense ledgers, payment orders for specific persons and correspondence on financial matters. Files 27-30 contains correspondence of the commune on various matters. The last part of the collection consists of documents regarding investment plans and technical works in the commune, development and renovation of commune buildings, as well as contracts with specialists.
    Alternate Title
    Jewish Community in Bydgoszcz
    Synagogen-Gemeine Bromberg
    inclusive:  1838-1939
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Gmina ?ydowska w Bydgoszczy
    Bydgoszcz (Ger. Bromberg), is a capital of Bydgoszcz province, north central Poland. There were Jews living in the fortress of Bydgoszcz (castrum Bydgoscense) in the 11th and 12th centuries. Later a considerable number of Jews, engaged in trading provisions with Gdańsk, were found in the city adjoining the fortress, which was built by the order of Casimir the Great in 1346. In 1555 the city was authorized to expel the Jews, who moved to the nearby city of Fordon. The authorization was annulled by Frederick the Great after Bydgoszcz was annexed by Prussia in 1772. By 1788 there were 41 Jews living in Bydgoszcz, chiefly occupied in the silk trade, but a community was not officially established in Bydgoszcz until 1809. Jewish settlement in Bydgoszcz was subject to the agreement of the municipality until this restriction was revoked by the "Jewish Law" of July 23, 1847; subsequently the number of Jewish residents increased. The status of the Jewish community was enhanced through the efforts of the banker Louis Aronsohn, a member of the Prussian Landtag (Diet). In 1884 a magnificent synagogue was established, as well as a school and benevolent institutions. The 27 communities of the district formed a federation, presided over by Aronsohn in 1897. In 1905 the Jews numbered 2,600 out of a total population of 54,231. When the city was incorporated into Poland in 1918, most of the Bydgoszcz Jews moved to Germany; the community archives were transferred to the general archives of the German Jews in Berlin. In 1924 there were only 1,000 Jews living in Bydgoszcz, but by 1931 their number had increased to 3,000. In the period of World War II Bydgoszcz was the second main town (after Danzig) of "Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen," a district created and incorporated into the Nazi Reich by a decree of Oct. 26, 1939, several weeks after the outbreak of World War II. Many of the Jewish families living in Bydgoszcz had fled before the entry of the German army on Sept. 5. Those who stayed behind were murdered or expelled to General Gouvernment territory, making the town one of the first in Poland to be "free of Jews" (juderein). After World War II the community was not rebuilt [Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica.]
    Biegański Z., Mniejszość żydowska w Bydgoszczy 1920-1939, Bydgoszcz

    J. Herzberg, Geschichte der Juden in Bromberg (1903); G. Sonnenschein, in: Polski Almanach gmin Ẓydowskich (1939), 99–108.

    Physical Details

    3,965 digital images : PDF.
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in six series: 1. Minutes of meetings of the Board of Directors of the Commune and Council of Representatives 1900-1921 (File-1-10); 3. Name list of members of the commune, 1930 (File 16); 4. Financial documents (File 11-26); 5. Correspondence (File -27-30); 6. Various documents: Personal files of the 2nd cantor of the Bydgoszcz synagogue Heinrich Lachmann, leaflets, announcements, etc. (File 31-37).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Publication or copying of more than several documents for a third party requires the permission of the Żydowski Instytut Historyczny imienia Emanuela Ringelbluma.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Bydgoszcz (Poland)

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Żydowski Instytut Historyczny im. Emanuela Ringelbluma Poland, Sygn. 104. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in June 2018.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-13 11:37:52
    This page:

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