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Antisemitic propaganda handbill warning Americans that Jews are against serving in the military

Object | Accession Number: 2018.349.2

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    Antisemitic propaganda handbill warning Americans that Jews are against serving in the military

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    Brief Narrative
    Handbill, printed in New York City, with fraudulent quotes on the front and an antisemitic cartoon on the back. The cartoon shows two men with stereotypical Jewish features outfitting a Christian American man for combat, while the radio broadcasts Jewish pro-war messages. The Talmud quote is ripped from its original context and used to legitimize the antisemitic canard that Jews sought exemption from military service, while simultaneously advocating American intervention in World War II. The handbill’s purpose was to provoke anti-Jewish sentiment in the United States by perpetuating the myth that Jews will harm or use gentiles for their own benefit. The handbill was printed by the Nationalist Press Association, a small New York based print house that disseminated bigoted and pro-Nazi leaflets, pamphlets, newspapers, and flyers across the United States. Much of their information came directly from the Nazi government. The Nationalist Press Association was part of a larger consortium of pro-Nazi organizations that were fueled by antisemitism, strong anti-Communist sentiments, and isolationism. Their aim was to preserve the United States’ neutrality during the war, and to promote Fascist, authoritarian and racist ideals to the public. After the United States entered World War II, many of these organizations ceased operation or were investigated by the Un-American Activities Committee, and lost most of their support. During World War II, over 550,000 Jewish men and women served in the U.S. armed forces: 26,000 received citations for valor and merit, and 11,000 sacrificed their lives for their country.
    Americans! Stop - Look - Read! Jews Against Military Service
    publication:  after 1937 June 26
    publication: New York (N.Y.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection. The acquisition of this collection was made possible by the Philip and Janet Levin Foundation
    front, top, printed, black ink : AMERICANS!
    front, left, printed, black ink : STOP
    front, right, printed, black ink : LOOK
    front, bottom, printed, black ink : READ!
    front, center, printed, black ink : Jews Against Military Service. / “Exemption of Jews from / military service ‘in accord- / ance with the highest in- / terpretation of Judaism’ is / sought from the United / States Government in a re- / solution adopted tonight / by the Central Conference / of American Rabbis at the / session of the organiza- / tion’s forty seventh annual / convention here.” New York Times, June 26, 1937. / “WHEN YOU GO TO WAR DO NOT GO AS THE FIRST. / BUT AS THE LAST, SO THAT YOU MAY RETURN AS / THE FIRST.” From the Talmud, the Code of the Jews.
    back, top, printed, black ink : ONWARD CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS
    back, bottom, printed, black ink : Additional Copies Available – 500 for $1.00 Order from the / NATIONALIST PRESS ASSOCIATION / P.O. Box 18 – Station “U” – New York City, N.Y.
    back, within image, top near the loudspeaker, printed, black ink : MOBILIZATIONNN / MANPOWER / WAR / DEMOCRACY / ARMS / FIGHT / FIGHT
    back, within image, bottom, platform, printed, black ink : AMMUNITION
    back, within the image, bottom, paper scraps, printed, black ink : DEAL / SOCIAL SECURITY / NRA / AAA / U.S.A. WPA / ENGLAND DOLE / FRENCH PROMOTIONS / HUMANITARIAN IDEALS
    back, lower right corner, printed, black ink : TC[illegible]F
    Publisher: Nationalist Press Association

    Physical Details

    Information Forms
    Object Type
    Handbills (tgm)
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, tan piece of paper with black text on the front and a cartoon on the reverse. The front has bold, black type along each edge, horizontally along the top and bottom and vertically on the sides. A block of black text is centered between the words and below two lines of title text above. On the back, there is a black and white cartoon within a black line border with text above and below the image. The image features a forward facing soldier standing on a platform wearing heavy combat gear including a coat, spiked boots, ammunition belt, and a gas mask while holding a bayonet. He is flanked by two short, squat men with full beards, pointy ears, and large noses standing and facing him in profile. The man on the left has on a small, round brimless hat and stands on a box, and the man on the right wears a bowler hat. A helmeted skull is balanced on the back right corner of the soldier’s platform. In front of the men, strewn about on the ground, are scraps of paper labeled with American social policies. In the background, a loudspeaker with two 6 pointed Stars of David forming the speaker heads is mounted on a small, wall shelf with bold, English words radiating from it. To the right, there is a door with a lamp mounted above. The paper is creased, discolored, and very brittle, with tears and significant areas of loss along the edges.
    overall: Height: 11.500 inches (29.21 cm) | Width: 8.250 inches (20.955 cm)
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum does not own copyright to this material. No information about the copyright was included on the Deed of Gift.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    New York (N.Y.)

    Administrative Notes

    The handbill was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2018.
    Funding Note
    The acquisition of this artifact was made possible by The Philip and Janet Levin Foundation Family Fund.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:31:13
    This page:

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