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Americans! Stop - Look - Read! Jews Against Military Service

Object | Accession Number: 2018.349.2

Handbill, printed in New York City, with fraudulent quotes on the front and an antisemitic cartoon on the back. The cartoon shows two men with stereotypical Jewish features outfitting a Christian American man for combat, while the radio broadcasts Jewish pro-war messages. The Talmud quote is ripped from its original context and used to legitimize the antisemitic canard that Jews sought exemption from military service, while simultaneously advocating American intervention in World War II. The handbill’s purpose was to provoke anti-Jewish sentiment in the United States by perpetuating the myth that Jews will harm or use gentiles for their own benefit. The handbill was printed by the Nationalist Press Association, a small New York based print house that disseminated bigoted and pro-Nazi leaflets, pamphlets, newspapers, and flyers across the United States. Much of their information came directly from the Nazi government. The Nationalist Press Association was part of a larger consortium of pro-Nazi organizations that were fueled by antisemitism, strong anti-Communist sentiments, and isolationism. Their aim was to preserve the United States’ neutrality during the war, and to promote Fascist, authoritarian and racist ideals to the public. After the United States entered World War II, many of these organizations ceased operation or were investigated by the Un-American Activities Committee, and lost most of their support. During World War II, over 550,000 Jewish men and women served in the U.S. armed forces: 26,000 received citations for valor and merit, and 11,000 sacrificed their lives for their country.

publication:  after 1937 June 26
publication: New York (N.Y.)
Information Forms
Object Type
Handbills (tgm)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection. The acquisition of this collection was made possible by the Philip and Janet Levin Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:25:15
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