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Watercolor of Auschwitz painted by a Polish Jewish artist after the Holocaust

Object | Accession Number: 2018.377.1

Watercolor painting of Auschwitz concentration camp in German-occupied Poland painted by Holocaust survivor Fred Veston in Albuquerque, New Mexico after his immigration in 1955. Fred was a jeweler who lived in Kraków, Poland, with his wife and two daughters, when Germany invaded on September 1, 1939. Within a week, Kraków was occupied and the Germans initiated immediate measures aimed at persecuting the Jews of the city. They took Fred’s store, the family’s apartment, and their valuables. The Germans began searching for Fred after learning he dealt in Jewish jewelry. Fred’s neighbor, a Catholic priest, hid his wife and daughters while Fred and four other family members fled Kraków. Fred went east, but the other family members decided to return to Kraków and their families. Fred exchanged bits of gold he carried for loaves of bread and kept on the move, going from place to place. He reached Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and found the situation no better than Kraków. Fred later found refuge in the Tatra Mountains along the Czechoslovakia-Poland border. There, he joined other Jewish refugees hiding with Polish partisan groups, who were fighting the Germans. Fred stayed there until the war’s end. In the fall of 1942, the Nazis found Fred’s wife and children and transported them to Auschwitz where they were killed. Overall, 72 members of Fred’s family were killed in the Holocaust. After the war Fred married Barbara Eugenia, a family friend and a fellow survivor. The couple emigrated from Poland, first living in Tel Aviv, Israel, and then settling in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Date
1955-1980  (creation)
Geography
depiction : Auschwitz (Concentration camp); Oswiecim (Poland)
creation : Albuquerque (N.M.)
Language
German
Classification
Art
Category
Paintings
Object Type
Painting (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Art.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collection, gift of Sondra Rosenthal Eastham
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn618170