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Map of Bergen-Hohne NATO training area acquired by an American soldier stationed in Germany during the 1980s

Object | Accession Number: 2018.389.1

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    Map of Bergen-Hohne NATO training area acquired by an American soldier stationed in Germany during the 1980s
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    A 1961 map of the Bergen-Hohne region, with an overprinted boundary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) training area, acquired by an American soldier stationed in Germany during the 1980s. Overprinted maps are often made prior to or during hostilities. They provide military units with the most up-to-date intelligence and information, when there is insufficient time to fully revise or create a new map. Along the bottom right edge of the NATO range, outlined in purple, is the village of Belsen, located next to the “East Camp” of a former Wehrmacht training complex, founded in 1934. Southwest of the installation was the complex’s construction camp, which was a prisoner of war (POW) camp in 1940, and became Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1943. Following the liberation of Bergen-Belsen on April 15, 1945, British forces took control of the area and set up 14,000 emergency hospital beds in the military complex. An estimated 50,000 people died while imprisoned or within months of leaving the concentration camp. In 1949, the NATO military alliance was formed to counter the communist military threat of Eastern Europe. NATO continued to use the Bergen-Hohne region as a training range. The British army maintained a garrison at the Bergen-Hohne military complex until 2015, and as the largest military training area in Germany, with 70,000 acres, it is still used as an active training range for international forces.
    Title
    NATO-Schießplatz Bergen-Hohne
    Date
    publication:  1961-1962
    Geography
    depiction: Bergen (Celle, Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph Pallone
    Markings
    front, top left corner, printed, black ink : Deutschland 1 : 50 000 [Germany 1 : 50 000]
    front, top left margin, printed, black ink : NATO-Range Bergen-Hohne NATO-Champ de tir Bergen-Hohne [NATO-Shooting range Bergen-Hohne]
    front, top center, printed, black ink : NATO-Schießplatz Bergen-Hohne [NATO-Shooting range Bergen-Hohne]
    front, top margin, printed, black ink : westlich (number scale) ostwärts [west (number scale) east]
    front, top right corner, printed, black ink : Ausgabe 5-DMG Serie M 74-TR -Z(inscription, printed , purple ink) 29 [Version 5-DMG Series M74-TR - Z (page) 29]
    Contributor
    Subject: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
    Biography
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded in 1949, in the aftermath of World War II. Originally an alliance of 12 Western European and North American countries, the alliance has expanded to 29 member states. The alliance was created for the collective defense of member states from attack through political and military means. The political headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium. The military command structure is headed by two Strategic Commands: the Allied Command Operations (ACO), based in Mons, Belgium, and the Allied Command Transformation (ACT), based in Norfolk, Virginia, United States.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German English French
    Classification
    Information Forms
    Category
    Maps
    Object Type
    Military maps (lcsh)
    Genre/Form
    Maps.
    Physical Description
    Rectangular sheet of off-white paper with multiple layers of printed maps depicting the Bergen-Hohne region of Germany. The base map is printed in black ink, surrounded by a triple-line border and is divided evenly into a grid of squares, 22 squares across by 28 down. The vertical lines are numbered left to right, from 545 000 mE to 567, and the horizontal lines are numbered bottom to top from 5840 000 mN to 5868. Each corner is marked with a pair of coordinates in degrees-minutes-seconds, and each axis contains a series of hash marks, subdividing it into minutes. Printed over the map in purple ink are boundary markers, symbols, and place names indicating in certain areas. Additionally, a German inscription and three small outlined areas are handwritten in red ink. The map has been trimmed close to the border, except for the top margin, which contains a scale, titles, and other series printing information. The lower half of the left margin is also partially intact, containing two punched holes. On the back, there is a handwritten inscription in purple ink. The paper is creased with multiple small tears, and shows wear from use.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 23.500 inches (59.69 cm) | Width: 18.375 inches (46.673 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    front, top center, printed, purple ink : Übungsplatzanlagen [Training ground facilities]
    front, top right corner, printed, purple ink : Stand: VIII. 1961 [Standard August 1961]
    front, top right corner, printed, purple ink : Serie M 74 – TR(marking, printed, black ink) – Z
    front, on map, right side, handwritten, red ink : Zeltlager-plätze / Vorschläge seiten Kdtr. / 18.12.62 [Tent camp-locations / Suggestions on the side of the commandant / 18 December 1962]
    back, top, handwritten, purple ink : Trüppe Bergen 1:500 00 / 1961 [Troops Bergen scale / overlay publication year]

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Bergen (Celle, Germany)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The map was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2018 by Joseph Pallone.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 12:38:05
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn619014

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