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Map of Bergen-Hohne NATO training area acquired by an American soldier stationed in Germany during the 1980s

Object | Accession Number: 2018.389.1

A 1961 map of the Bergen-Hohne region, with an overprinted boundary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) training area, acquired by an American soldier stationed in Germany during the 1980s. Overprinted maps are often made prior to or during hostilities. They provide military units with the most up-to-date intelligence and information, when there is insufficient time to fully revise or create a new map. Along the bottom right edge of the NATO range, outlined in purple, is the village of Belsen, located next to the “East Camp” of a former Wehrmacht training complex, founded in 1934. Southwest of the installation was the complex’s construction camp, which was a prisoner of war (POW) camp in 1940, and became Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1943. Following the liberation of Bergen-Belsen on April 15, 1945, British forces took control of the area and set up 14,000 emergency hospital beds in the military complex. An estimated 50,000 people died while imprisoned or within months of leaving the concentration camp. In 1949, the NATO military alliance was formed to counter the communist military threat of Eastern Europe. NATO continued to use the Bergen-Hohne region as a training range. The British army maintained a garrison at the Bergen-Hohne military complex until 2015, and as the largest military training area in Germany, with 70,000 acres, it is still used as an active training range for international forces.

Title
NATO-Schießplatz Bergen-Hohne
Date
publication:  1961-1962
Geography
depiction: Bergen (Celle, Germany)
Language
German
English
French
Classification
Information Forms
Category
Maps
Object Type
Military maps (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Maps.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph Pallone
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn619014