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Framed, gold-colored plaque depicting a Jewish Hungarian banker

Object | Accession Number: 2018.286.5

Gold-painted plaster relief of Kálmán Gutlohn of Budapest, Hungary, based on a pencil-sketch drawn on April 22, 1932 (2018.286.5). Kálmán worked in the Foreign Currency Department of the Bank. In 1939, he married American-born Anna Farkas and they lived in Pest, Budapest. In 1940, Hungary joined the Axis Alliance and passed race laws similar to Germany’s Nuremberg laws. In 1941, Kálmán and other Jewish men in the community were conscripted for forced labor to work in multiple areas in and near Budapest. Anna used her American citizenship to get Kálmán released and he returned home on November 9, 1944. Days later, he was arrested, escaped a forced march, and found protection at an American internment camp. He later escaped the German S.S. takeover of the camp and went into hiding in his family’s apartment. During the Siege of Budapest beginning on December 25, 1944, Kálmán hid in the destroyed apartment with help from his wife. Russian forces liberated Pest on January 18, 1945 and in February, Kálmán went to Bucharest to work in the Identification Department at the American Joint Distribution Committee. Anna, her two sons, and their daughter joined him in June. Anna and the children sailed to the United States at the end of November and after his paperwork was approved, Kálmán joined them in January 1947. He changed his name to Clarence Grant and found work as a banker for a Hungarian firm in New York.

Date
after 1932 April 22-before 1941
Geography
creation : Budapest (Hungary)
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Novelties
Genre/Form
Portraits.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collection, gift of Mary Aviyah Farkas
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Record last modified: 2019-02-11 06:58:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn619030