Ku Klux Klan medal given to a South Carolina man
- Object Type
Medals--United States (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Descendants of Sanford Vandifer Rogers, Jr.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) medal acquired by Sanford Vandifer Rogers Jr. in Spartanburg County, South Carolina during the 1920s while he was a member. Sanford was born in 1864. His father, Sanford senior, was a Confederate soldier who died in a Union prisoner of war camp in Elmira, New York just before he was born. The KKK promoted the idea that whites are inherently superior to other races. This idea was supported by the racially motivated, pseudoscientific American eugenics movement, which attempted to establish a hierarchy of races. These racist ideas were used to justify the exclusion of African Americans from their inherent rights and the creation of segregation and sterilization laws. Before Nazi Germany, the United States led the world in forced sterilizations. The United States’ Jim Crow and sterilization laws, as well as the eugenics program, served as precedents and helped enable passage of the Nazi Nuremberg Laws which excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having relations with persons of “German or related blood.”
Record last modified: 2023-11-03 10:35:34
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn619899
Also in Sanford Vandifer Rogers, Jr. collection
The collection consists of American Ku Klux Klan pamphlets, medal and hood relating to the experiences of Sanford Vandifer Rogers Jr. in South Carolina during the 1920s.
Date: approximately 1920-1928
Collection of American Ku Klux Klan pamphlets which were acquired by Sanford Vandifer Rogers, Jr. while he was a member of the KKK in Spartanburg Country, South Carolina in the 1920s. Pamphlets are entitled "The Klan Spiritual" by Dr. H.W. Evans (1924, two copies); "The Obligation of American Citizens to Free Public Schools (undated); "The Practice of Klanishness" (1924); "The Jewish Problem in the United States" by Rev. Sam H. Campbell (undated); and "Principles and Purposes of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan" (undated).
Handmade KKK hood worn by (and possibly made by) Sanford Vandifer Rogers, Jr. The hood was homemade out of a flour sack.