Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Signed etching of a Neu Synagogue, Breslau saved by a Jewish emigre family

Object | Accession Number: 2013.122.2

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Signed etching of a Neu Synagogue, Breslau saved by a Jewish emigre family


    Brief Narrative
    Large etching of the New Synagogue in Breslau, Germany, (Wroclaw, Poland) brought by Harry Ehrenberg and his family when they left Breslau for the United States in 1937. The etching is signed by the artist, Siegfried Laboschin. The synagogue, a center of liberal Judaism in Breslau, was destroyed by fire during Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938. The New Synagoge was designed by Edwin Oppler and built in 1865-1872. It was the largest synagogue in Breslau and one of the largest in Germany. In 1933, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, Breslau had a Jewish population of over 20,000. By 1939, many had fled or been expelled to Poland and the Jewish population was around 10,000. In 1941 and 1942, most of the remaining Jews were deported to concentration camps.
    Artwork Title
    Die Neue Synagoge in Breslau
    creation:  approximately 1900
    depiction: New Synagogue (Breslau, Germany) historic; Wroclaw (Poland)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Annette Sacks
    bottom. right, black ink : Originalradierung von Siegfried Laboschin.
    bottom, left, black ink : Verlag von Bial, Freund, & Co. (Inh : A. Blumenreich) Breslau.
    bottom center, printed caption, black ink : (Star of David) Die neue Synagoge in Breslau.
    bottom right, cursive, pencil : Siegfried Laboschin
    Artist: Siegfried Laboschin
    Subject: Siegfried Laboschin
    Subject: Harry Ehrenberg
    Siegfried Laboschin was a painter, engraver, and lithographer in Breslau, Germany (Wroclaw, Poland.) He was born on May 23, 1868, in Gniezno, Poland, and was of Jewish descent. He studied at the Art Academy in Berlin from 1887-1889 and then at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich until 1891. He settled in Breslau and established his own art school. Laboschin was well known for his architectural and landscape work, and much in demand as a portrait painter. He was the art supervisor for the Breslau newspaper for twenty years. Laboschin, age 61, died in 1929 in Breslau.
    Harry Ehrenberg, born 1892, lived in Breslau, Germany, with his wife Edith nee Weindriner, born 1895, and their children Gerda, born in 1923, and Klaus Richard, born circa 1925. Harry, a veteran of World War I (1914-1918), ran a shoe store, Schuhhaus Magnet, in a working class neighborhood. In January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany and persecution of the Jewish population became government policy. In 1935, Harry arrived at his store and saw swastikas scrawled on the window. The shop had been broken into, and the stock destroyed. He relocated his family to a smaller apartment in another neighborhood, hoping it would be safer. He and Edith began discussing leaving Germany. Harry had family in the United States, including his youngest brother Arno, and Edith had a brother, Rudy, in Australia. Jews were not allowed to take much currency or valuables out of the country. Harry hid valuables in his cross-country ski boots and went on a skiing trip across the border. He gave the money to a friend who sent it to friends in the US. Harry was unable to pass the physical required for a US visa because of his high blood pressure. The family took a train to Aachen, and on September 3, 1937, boarded a train for Paris where they booked passage to Cuba on a ship leaving from Marseilles. They were in Havana for several weeks, waiting for US visas, but on October 29, 1937, they arrived in Miami. They eventually settled in Queens, New York, where Harry opened a shoe repair business. Edith's mother joined Rudy in Australia, but other relatives who remained in Germany perished during the Holocaust.

    Physical Details

    Object Type
    Etching (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Large etched print on paper and cardboard backing with a detailed rendering of a large brick and stone Neo-Byzantine synagogue, with a large, faceted central dome, topped by a cupola, with rose windows on each wall below the dome. There are 4 faceted, peaked towers at the outer corners. The facade has a large central rose window, smaller side rose windows, and arched windows along the gallery and aisle stories. The building is viewed from a front right angle. There is a wide pathway on the right and a grassy plot with a grove of leafy trees on the left, blocking the view to the building. There is a pencilled inscription.
    overall: Height: 30.875 inches (78.423 cm) | Width: 24.375 inches (61.913 cm)
    pictorial area: Height: 22.750 inches (57.785 cm) | Width: 16.250 inches (41.275 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, graphite

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The print was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Annette Sacks.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-23 08:50:19
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us