Pin commemorating a Hungarian Jewish Holocaust survivor’s receipt of the Congressional Medal of Honor
2005 September 23
- Object Type
Pin-back buttons (lcsh)
Buttons (Information artifacts)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Debbie Rosa Huntly-Kessler
Pin-backed button commemorating Tibor Rubin's receipt of the United States Congressional Medal of Honor on September 23, 2005. He received the award 55 years after first being nominated by fellow soldiers. Tibor earned the medal for extraordinary heroism in battle, and his efforts to help save the lives of 40 fellow prisoners of war during the Korean War (1950-1953). Tibor’s actions during four months of battle and 30 months of imprisonment were shaped, in part, by his experiences as a Holocaust survivor. In November 1940, when Hungary became an official German ally, 11-year-old Tibor lived in Pásztó, Hungary, with his parents, Ferenc and Rozsi, and siblings Imre, Irena, Edith, and Ilonka. A couple weeks before Germany occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944, Tibor’s father sent him with a group of Polish Jews that were heading to the Swiss border. They were all arrested, and later deported to Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria. While in the camp, Tibor gained many survival skills that later helped him survive imprisonment in Korea. Around February 1945, Tibor discovered that Imre was also in the camp. The US Army liberated Mauthausen in May 1945. Tibor and Imre returned to Pásztó, where they reunited with Irena, who had survived in Budapest. Tibor immigrated to the US in 1948, and his siblings later joined him. Their parents, Ferenc and Rozsi, and sisters, Edith and Ilonka, were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp in late spring 1944, where Rozsi and Ilonka were killed. Ferenc was deported to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany, and died in December. Edith survived several concentration camps, and his half-brother, Miklós, survived in the Czech resistance.
Record last modified: 2020-12-21 09:39:37
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn622330
Also in Rubin and Huntly families collection
The collection consists of a commemorative pin-back button, commemorative materials, correspondence, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of the Rubin and Huntly families in Hungary, Poland, and the United States before during, and after the Holocaust.
The collection consists of biographical and identification papers, immigration documents, correspondence, and photographs documenting the Holocaust-era experiences of Tibor Rubin, Emery Rubin and his wife Gloria Baker, Irene Rubin-Huntly and her husband Joseph Huntly. Included is material related to Tibor Rubin receiving the Medal of Honor in 2005 for his service and actions as a prisoner of war during the Korean War. Tibor Rubin’s papers primarily relate to him receiving the Medal of Honor in 2005, including ceremony logistics and programs. Correspondence consists of photocopies of letters regarding his service and efforts by Representative Robert Dorman in 1991 to get Tibor the award as well as copies of letters and telegrams to his brother Emery regarding his capture in Korea. Other material includes clippings and programs from later events involving or honoring Tibor, and a copy of the program and eulogy transcript from his funeral. Emery and Gloria Rubin’s correspondence consists of letters exchanged between them between 1947 and 1949, with the bulk of them exchanged after Gloria immigrated to the United States but Emery was still in Germany. The bulk of the letters are in German. There is a small amount of other letters written to Emery and Gloria from friends and family. Irene Rubin Huntly’s papers include identification documents, immigration papers for Canada and the United States, marriage papers, and a wedding portrait of her with Joseph Huntly. The biographical papers include a typed testimonial document with false information used by Irene to assume the identity of a presumed dead Czech woman in order to immigrate to Canada under a Czech quota. Both the testimonial document and her death certificate display her false birthdate and location. Joseph Huntly’s papers consist of identification papers including DP registration documents and birth certificates, employment papers from Germany and the United States, and immigration papers including ship newsletters from the USAT M.B. Stewart. The photographs consist of a prewar image of Joseph’s family and a postwar portrait of Joseph.