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Pin commemorating a Hungarian Jewish Holocaust survivor’s receipt of the Congressional Medal of Honor

Object | Accession Number: 2018.327.2

Pin-backed button commemorating Tibor Rubin's receipt of the United States Congressional Medal of Honor on September 23, 2005. He received the award 55 years after first being nominated by fellow soldiers. Tibor earned the medal for extraordinary heroism in battle, and his efforts to help save the lives of 40 fellow prisoners of war during the Korean War (1950-1953). Tibor’s actions during four months of battle and 30 months of imprisonment were shaped, in part, by his experiences as a Holocaust survivor. In November 1940, when Hungary became an official German ally, 11-year-old Tibor lived in Pásztó, Hungary, with his parents, Ferenc and Rozsi, and siblings Imre, Irena, Edith, and Ilonka. A couple weeks before Germany occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944, Tibor’s father sent him with a group of Polish Jews that were heading to the Swiss border. They were all arrested, and later deported to Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria. While in the camp, Tibor gained many survival skills that later helped him survive imprisonment in Korea. Around February 1945, Tibor discovered that Imre was also in the camp. The US Army liberated Mauthausen in May 1945. Tibor and Imre returned to Pásztó, where they reunited with Irena, who had survived in Budapest. Tibor immigrated to the US in 1948, and his siblings later joined him. Their parents, Ferenc and Rozsi, and sisters, Edith and Ilonka, were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp in late spring 1944, where Rozsi and Ilonka were killed. Ferenc was deported to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany, and died in December. Edith survived several concentration camps, and his half-brother, Miklós, survived in the Czech resistance.

commemoration:  2005 September 23
creation: United States
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Debbie Rosa Huntly-Kessler
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:31:14
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