Factory-printed Star of David badge acquired by an Austrian refugee
after 1941 September 01-before 1945 May
- Object Type
Star of David badges (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. Maria Weissenberg Barrows
Factory-printed Star of David badge worn by a relative of the donor between 1941 and 1945. On September 1, 1941, all Jews in the Reich six years of age or older were required to wear a badge, a yellow Star of David with a black-outline and the word “Jew” printed inside the star in German, to identify themselves. The badge was used to stigmatize and control the Jewish population. Prior to this large-scale decree, identification requirements for Jewish individuals varied by locality and administration. As Germany annexed territory, the same or similar decrees were enforced in other countries, resulting in the manufacture of similar badges with text in various languages. The badges specified in the decree were first produced by Berliner Fahnenfabrik Geitel & Co., a flag factory. They were distributed by government and police authorities at the cost of 10 Reichspfennig each (in France, they cost a textile ration coupon). Later, they were duplicated by other factories, such as De Nijverheid, a formerly Jewish-owned firm in the Netherlands that printed a large amount of Dutch language stars.
Record last modified: 2021-02-18 11:32:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn623872
Also in Alfred and Emma Heumann Pisko family collection
The collection consists of a Star of David badge, documents, and a photograph relating to the experiences of Alfred Rudolph Pisko and his wife, Emma Heumann Pisko, and their families in Austria and Germany before the Holocaust, and the United Kingdom and the United States during and after the Holocaust.
The Alfred and Emma Pisko papers include birth certificates, United Kingdom certificates of registration, travel documents, and a marriage certificate for Alfred and Emma Pisko as well as a photograph of the couple in 1980. The registration certificates indicate that Alfred and Emma were exempt from internment because they were refugees from Nazi oppression. Additional military and immigration records documenting Alfred Pisko include an enlistment attestation, service records (pay book, release book, record of service card), declaration of intention to become an American citizen, and certificate of naturalization. The papers also include a telegram announcing the death of Alfred’s mother.