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Inscribed Siddur carried through hiding and slave labor by a Jewish Polish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 2018.369.3

Hebrew prayer book carried by Szapse (Charles) Bilfeld while living in hiding and then as a forced laborer in the Soviet Union, with his family from 1940 to 1945. Szapse, his wife Malka, their son Mozes, and their Bilfeld and Fuchs relatives were living in Majdan / Majdan Królewski (also known as Kolbuszowa), Poland, when German forces invaded on September 12, 1939. Majdan remained under German control when the Soviet Union annexed eastern Poland in mid-September. By the beginning of 1940, Jews in Majdan were only allowed to leave the village if they did so as part of a forced labor battalion. In July, Szapse, Malka, Mozes, Szapse’s brother, Yankel, and most of the Fuchs family fled east into Soviet-occupied Poland. They hid for more than a year, resting during the day, traveling at night, and stealing food as needed. In 1941, they found themselves in Kamionka Struminlova (now Kam'ianka-Buz’ka, Ukraine). Later, they continued traveling to the east, and spent time hiding in the mountainous areas near many towns in the Soviet Union. During 1942, the family was forced into slave labor camps in the region. After the war ended in May 1945, the Bilfeld and Fuchs families made their way to the American zone in Germany. Szapse learned that his parents and three other siblings had been killed, possibly in 1941. In Ulm, Malka’s family was reunited with Leiser. In 1948, Malka gave birth to their daughter, Chana. In November 1949, the Bilfeld family immigrated to the United States, and most of the Fuchs family immigrated to Israel.

use:  approximately 1921-approximately 1998
use: Kolbuszowa (Poland)
use: Ulm (Germany)
use: United States
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Anna Moscovitch
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:19:46
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