- The collection consists of photographs primarily taken in Nuremberg, Germany between 1936 and 1938. Gary Heymann, a Jewish immigrant to America, obtained them while serving with the United States Army during World War II. Twelve photographs depict the dismantling of the Nuremberg synagogue in August and September 1938 on the orders of Julius Streicher. Heymann added sorrowful or ironic annotations to the backs of them. Five photographs depict Nazi officials around 1936-1938. The images include Nazi rallies, Julius Streicher, Heinrich Himmler, Hermann Göring, Rudolph Hess, Joseph Goebbels, crowds, SA men, the destruction of the Nuremberg synagogue, and a Jewish boy being taken away. The collection also includes an itemized list of these photographs that Gary Heymann sent to the Holocaust Library and Research Center Associates of San Francisco.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judy Heymann Kazan and Steven Kazan
- Collection Creator
- Gary Heymann
Gary Heymann (born Gerhard Heymann, 1923-2016) was born in Germany to Hartwig (1896-1993, son of Solms and Adele Heymann) and Helene (née Rosner, 1896-1981) Heymann. In 1934 Hartwig and Helene sent their son to Cleveland, Ohio via Hamburg. His parents fled Germany in 1938 to Amsterdam. Helene was able to get to England where she worked as a domestic. Hartwig survived the war in Trinidad. Gary served in the United States Army as one of the “Ritchie Boys,” German-speaking soldiers trained at Camp Ritchie in Maryland. He was reunited with his parents in the United States in 1946. After the war, Gary became a child psychologist. Both of Hartwig’s parents perished at Theresienstadt during the Holocaust.