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Kingmark gold, red, and white enamel pin on a buttonhole back commemorating the 70th birthday in 1940 of King Christian X of Denmark

Object | Accession Number: 2018.497.2

Commemorative 14 karat gold and red enamel women's emblem pin issued by the Georg Jensen Company to honor the 75th birthday of King Christian X of Denmark on August 21, 1945. Designed by Arno Malinowski, the pin features the King’s initials, the years 1870-1945, and the Danish flag. The German army occupied Denmark on April 9, 1940. Christian remained in Copenhagen and the emblem pin, popularly known as the Kingmark, became a popular symbol of Danish independence, patriotism, and solidarity against occupation. Germany permitted the democratic government to retain control over domestic affairs until August 1943, when the growing resistance movement led Germany to institute martial law. Denmark was liberated by British forces on May 5, 1945. Following Denmark’s liberation, Britain’s Field Marshal Montgomery was gifted a gold Kingmark, which he wore on his uniform at various occasions. A second pin was issued for Christian’s 75th birthday in 1945. Over 1 million were produced until his death in 1947, only 10 percent of which were in gold. Production ceased at the request of his son, King Frederick IX.

Date
commemoration:  1945 September 26
Geography
creation: Copenhagen (Denmark)
Classification
Jewelry
Category
Pins (Jewelry)
Object Type
Lapel pins (aat)
Genre/Form
Jewelry.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jordan, Lorraine, and Rachel Cherrick in memory of Hedwig Kudesch and Robert Briscoe.
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:07
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn634320