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Child’s hat purchased by a Polish Jewish soldier in the Soviet army for his daughter

Object | Accession Number: 2018.498.2

Child's winter hat purchased by Dr. Chil Kupferblum (later Henry Kupfer), for his daughter, Tamara, while serving in the Soviet Army as a surgeon during World War II (1939-1945). In 1935, Chil received his M.D. from Karlova University in Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic). He married Lora Shapira, and in 1938, their daughter Tamara was born. Chil’s sister, Fela, married chemist Antek Kupferblum (later Anthony Kuper), and they later settled in Warsaw. His other sister, Gertrude, married his friend, Dr. Simon Russi, and the couple immigrated to the United States. Chil was an attending physician in Rovno, Poland (now Rivne, Ukraine), when Germany and the Soviet Union invaded Poland in September 1939, and divided the territory between them. Chil’s parents, and brother, Leon, moved from Sandomierz to Rovno. Chil joined the Soviet Army, and served in a military hospital in Novosibirsk. He was still serving when Germany invaded the Soviet Union in summer 1941, and occupied Rovno on June 28. After the war ended in May 1945, Chil returned home to Rovno to learn that most of his family had been killed. Three-year-old Tamara, his wife, Lora, and parents, David and Miriam, were likely massacred in November 1941, in the nearby Sosenki Forest. His brother, Leon, had likely been killed in a ghetto liquidation, and his sister, Fela, had been murdered at Teblinka killing center in 1942. Fela’s husband, Antek, and daughter, Ewa, had survived in hiding. In 1947, Chil immigrated to the US, and later married a fellow survivor, Gertrude Zoberman.

Date
acquired:  1939-1945
Geography
acquired: Soviet Union
Classification
Dress Accessories
Category
Headgear
Object Type
Hats (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Headgear.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rosemarie Russi Howe
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:48:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn634491