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Baby doll owned by a Jewish Yugoslavian girl in hiding

Object | Accession Number: 2019.20.1

Celluloid doll made by the German firm, Buschow & Beck, and given to Bienonida Behar (later Ezoory) as a child in Skopje, Yugoslavia (now North Macedonia) during the Holocaust. Her parents Aharon and Rebeka had a very close friendship with Aharon’s business partner Aleksander Todorov and his wife, Blaga. When the Axis invaded Yugoslavia and partitioned the country in April 1941, Skopje fell under Bulgaria’s control. The Bulgarian authorities quickly created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. On March 11, 1943, the Jewish populations of Macedonia were rounded up by Bulgarian and German forces and taken to the Monopol tobacco warehouse. Before they were taken away, Bienonida’s parents left her with Aleksander and Blaga. At the end of March, Bienonida's parents, along with the other Jewish prisoners, were deported to Treblinka killing center in German occupied Poland where they were murdered upon arrival. The Todorovs raised Bienonida as their own daughter. In 1952, when she was 13 years old, Bienonida learned she was Jewish and the truth about her parents. In October of that same year, Bienonida left Yugoslavia for Israel. She studied nursing and married a businessman. On January 6, 1980, Yad Vashem recognized Aleksandar and Blaga Todorov as Righteous Among the Nations for saving Bienonida.

Date
manufacture:  approximately 1908-before 1945
Geography
manufacture: Germany
use: Skopje (North Macedonia).
Language
English
Classification
Toys
Category
Dolls
Object Type
Dolls (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Dolls.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bienonida Ezoory
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:09:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn639656