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UNRRA selected records AG-018-016 : Czechoslovakia Mission

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2019.39.1 | RG Number: RG-67.074

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    Consists of correspondence, reports, transport lists, and forms of individual case of repatriated persons. Records relate to repatriation of Chinese nationals, Czechoslovakian, German and Polish Jews, Poles, Greek nationals, and unaccompanied children. Contains correspondence, reports, transport lists, and individual cases of repatriated German Jews.
    inclusive:  1943-1949
    Collection Creator
    United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)
    UNRRA. Czechoslovakia Mission
    The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was an international relief agency representing 44 nations, but largely dominated by the United States. Founded in 1943, it became part of the United Nations (UN) in 1945, and it largely shut down operations in 1947. Its purpose was to "plan, co-ordinate, administer or arrange for the administration of measures for the relief of victims of war in any area under the control of any of the United Nations through the provision of food, fuel, clothing, shelter and other basic necessities, medical and other essential services." Its staff of civil servants included 12,000 people, with headquarters in New York. Funding came from many nations, and totaled $3.7 billion, of which the United States contributed $2.7 billion; Britain $625 million and Canada $139 million. The Administration of UNRRA at the peak of operations in mid-1946 included five types of offices and missions with a staff totaling nearly 25,000: The Headquarters Office in Washington, The European Regional Office (London), the 29 servicing offices and missions (2 area offices in Cairo and Sydney; 10 liaison offices and missions in Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Trieste; 12 procurement offices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and later Peru, Cuba, India, Mexico, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela; 6 offices for procurement of surplus military supplies in Caserta and later Rome, Honolulu, Manila, New Delhi, Paris, Shanghai), the sixteen missions to receiving countries (Albania, Austria, Byelorussia, China, Czechoslovakia, the Dodecanese Islands, Ethiopia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Korea, the Philippines, Poland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia), and the Displaced Persons Operations in Germany.

    UNRRA cooperated closely with dozens of volunteer charitable organizations, who sent hundreds of their own agencies to work alongside UNRRA. In operation only three years, the agency distributed about $4 billion worth of goods, food, medicine, tools, and farm implements at a time of severe global shortages and worldwide transportation difficulties. The recipient nations had been especially hard hit by starvation, dislocation, and political chaos. It played a major role in helping Displaced Persons return to their home countries in Europe in 1945-46. Its UN functions were transferred to several UN agencies, including the International Refugee Organization and the World Health Organization. As an American relief agency, it was largely replaced by the Marshall Plan, which began operations in 1948. [Source: UN Original finding aid of records of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)]
    The civil authorities of Czechoslovakia having, by agreement with the USSR in May 1944, taken over the administration of the country immediately on liberation, there was no intervening period of military administration. In February 1945 and agreement providing for aid, was signed by UNRRA and the Czech Government, followed in April by another agreement relative to administrative services, but a supplementary agreement was abandoned. The UNRRA Mission to Czechoslovakia was established in Prague in June 1945, with Peter I. Alekseev as Chief of Mission. The main functions of the Mission were advisory, liaison, and the distribution of supplies; relief operations by voluntary agencies were under government control and not supervised by UNRRA. All contacts between the Mission and the Czech Government were made through the Czechoslovak Office of Relief and Rehabilitation, which was established as an inter-ministerial office for that purpose in June 1945. An UNRRA unit was formed in each Ministry concerned with UNRRA aid, and working parties of representatives of the Office and the Mission were formed to deal with the various types of aid, and each separate commodity.

    Physical Details

    English Czech
    6,031 digital images : JPEG ; 4.93 .
    System of Arrangement
    Selected records arranged in two sub-groups: 1. S-1326, Office of Chief Mission. Repatriation Division, 1945; 2. S-1331, Department of Supply. Subject Files, 1945-1947. Individual cases organized alphabetically.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The United Nations Archives is a holder of the copyrights of this collection.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Archives and Records Management Section (UN-ARMS), UNRRA records AG-018-016. The collection was digitized through a cooperative agreement between the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Mémorial de la Shoah, France and the UN-ARMS. The USHMM Archives received copied collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in February 2019.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-24 13:46:45
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