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Occupation currency note, 5 Karbowanez, issued by Nazi Germany in eastern Poland

Object | Accession Number: 1992.221.45

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    Occupation currency note, 5 Karbowanez, issued by Nazi Germany in eastern Poland

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    German occupation currency note, valued at 5 Karbowanez, issued in eastern Poland (Ukraine.) In September 1939, not long after the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, eastern Poland, now Ukraine, was occupied by the Soviet Union under the terms of the German-Soviet Pact. On June 22, 1941, Germany launched a surprise attack, Operation Barbarossa, on Russia. A week later, German troops occupied most of the Ukraine. Most of the region was liberated by the Soviet Army in early 1944.
    Date
    issue:  1942
    Geography
    issue: Ukraine
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bernard Lubran
    Markings
    face, upper center, large bold print, brown ink : FÜNF KARBOWANEZ [FIVE KARBOWANEZ]
    face, center, brown ink : Ausgegeben auf Grund der Verordnung / vom 5. März 1942 / ROWNO (bold), den 10. März 1942 / ZENTRALNOTENBANK UKRAINE (bold) [Issued on the basis of the Decree of 5 March 1942 / ROWNO, the 10th March 1942 CENTRAL BANK OF UKRAINE]
    face, center background, left and right corners : 5
    face, left, printed vertically, brown ink : FÜNF
    face, lower center, brown ink : illegible signature
    face, lower right, printed in a circle, brown ink : ZENTRALNOTENBANK UKRAINE •
    face, lower right, serial number, red ink : 39.0269186
    back, upper center, black background, white ink : ZENTRALNOTENBANK UKRAINE
    back, upper center, black ink : FÜNF KARBOWANEZ
    back, left center, black ink : GELDFÄLSCHUNG / WIRD MIT ZUCHTHAUS / BESTRAFT [USE OF COUNTERFEIT MONEY WILL BE PUNISHED WITH PRISON]
    back, right center, black ink : ФАЛЬШУВАННЯ / ГРОШЕВИХ ЗНАКІВ / КАРАЄТЬСЯ ТЯЖКОЮ / ТЮРМОЮ [COUNTERFEIT MONEY WILL BE PUNISHED WITH PRISON]
    back, center and corners, black ink : 5
    back, lower center, black ink : П'ЯТЬ КАРБОВАНЦІВ [FIVE KARBOWANEZ]
    back, lower center, black background, white ink : ЦЕНТРАЛЬНИЙ ЕМІСІЙНИЙ БАНК УКРАЇНА [CENTRAL BANK OF UKRAINE]
    Contributor
    Issuer: Zentralnotenbank Ukraine

    Physical Details

    Language
    German Ukrainian
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Physical Description
    Rectangular white paper currency with a brown geometric background design on the face. It depicts a realistic portrait bust image of a girl with a headscarf and flowers within a decorative medallion with scalloped edges. The denomination 5 is in the corners and in the center of the note with German text superimposed. Near the lower edge is a signature, a Reichsadler seal with a swastika and German text, and a serial number in red ink. The back has a blue geometric background design, German text on the upper center and left and Ukrainian text on the right and lower center. The denomination 5 is in the center and corners. In the center background is an irregular circle with scalloped edges. It is discolored with age.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.500 inches (6.35 cm) | Width: 5.125 inches (13.017 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1992 by Bernard Lubran.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:22:02
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn6628

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