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Doll's offwhite hand knit wool sweater and pants with red flowers made by a young girl after her release from Theresienstadt

Object | Accession Number: 1992.4.4 a-b

Doll's offwhite hand knit snowsuit with a long sleeved top and pants made by 9 year old Inge Auerbacher after her liberation from Theresienstadt ghetto/labor in May 1945. It was worn by her doll Marlene, 1992.4.1a, that Inge kept with her while imprisoned in Theresienstadt in German occupied Czechoslovakia from 1942-1945. Seven year old Inge and her parents, Berthold and Regina, were deported from Goppingen, Germany, in August 1942 to Theresienstadt. When the family arrived at the camp, all of their belongings were taken away, except Inge's doll, which had been given to Inge around 1935 by her grandmother, who was deported to Riga, Latvia, in 1941. At Terezin, Inge and her parents shared a room with another couple and their daughter, Ruth Abraham. Ruth was just a few months older than Inge and the girls had identical dolls. In September 1944, Berthold was told to report to SS headquarters for a selection for deportation. He had been told to go to the girl with the typewriter which he did. She put a red circle around their name and they were not put on the list. Ruth and her family were selected. Before Ruth left, she gave Inge doll clothes that her mother had made for her. Ruth and her parents were sent to Auschwitz and killed. Inge and her parents were liberated at the camp by Soviet troops on May 8, 1945. The camp was placed in quarantine because of a typhus epidemic. When it was lifted, they returned to Inge's grandmother's home in Jebenhausen. The people living in the house prepared them a room. They learned that her grandmother was probably shot in Riga and that nearly all of their relatives who had been unable to leave Europe were murdered in the camps. Inge and her parents left Germany after nine months for the US.

Date
approximately 1945 May  (creation)
Geography
creation : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Classification
Toys
Category
Dolls
Object Type
Doll clothes (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Inge Auerbacher
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:21
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn6908