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30 Years Artur Zygielbojm

Recorded Sound | Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.A.0239.2 | RG Number: RG-91.0126

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    30 Years Artur Zygielbojm


    Reel to reel tape about Shmuel (Szmuel) Mordkhe Artur Zygielbojm. Yiddish handwriting on the tape box front side reads: "30 years Artur Zygielbojm."

    Side A: Orations in Yiddish by unidentified speakers at Zygielbojm's graveside, New Mt. Carmel Cemetery in Ridgewood, New York on May 30?, 1973. Commemoration event sponsored by the NY Artur Zygielbojm Branch of the Bund (Jewish labor organizatiion). Attendees include several members of the Zygielbojm family. At 16:30, attendees sing many verses of the labor anthem "Khaveyrim in kamf" [Comrades in struggle], a poem by Khaim Alexandrov. At 22:10, reading of names of attendees. 23:00-end: blank tape.

    Side B: 0:00-0:40 [false start]; 0:44-01:22 [false start 2]; 01:24-12:50 "Bund Radio news" broadcast over WEVD, NYC on May 11, 1973. Program: "Artur Zygielbojm on the 30th anniversary of his death." Announcer: Joseph Gotteiner. 13:00-end, speakers unidentified.
    Broadcast:  1973 May 11
    Broadcast:  1973 May 30
    Subject: Szmul A. Zygielbojm
    Szmul Artur Zygielbojm (1895-1943), leader of the Jewish socialist Bund in interwar Poland, was the son of Yosef and Henia Zygielbojm. He was the oldest of ten children: Feige (b. 1896), Israel (b. 1898), Moshe (b.1899), Chava (b. 1902), Chana (b. 1904), Pinhas (b. 1906), Faivel (b. 1908), Avraham (b. 1910), and Reuven (b. 1912).

    During his years in Warsaw (1919-1935), Zygielbojm was a member of the Bund's Central Committee and served as Secretary of the Central Council of Jewish Trade Unions. From 1930 he also edited the Jewish Trade Unions' journal, "Arbeiter Fragen." In 1936 Zygielbojm moved to Lodz to head its Bund branch. Two years later he was also elected to the Lodz City Council. After the German invasion, Zygielbojm returned to Warsaw, where he helped organize the Bund underground. He also represented the Bund on the first Jewish Council set up in Warsaw. Fearing imminent arrest Zygielbojm fled to Belgium at the end of December 1939. After the Belgian collapse, he fled to France and then to the U.S. in September 1940. In March 1942 he was sent to London to join the National Council of the Polish Government-in-Exile, which had one other Jewish member, the Zionist, Ignacy Schwarzbart. In May 1942 Zygielbojm received one of the first reports to reach the West of the mass murder of Jews in Poland. From then on he devoted himself to the mission of arousing the conscience of the world to come to their rescue. On May 12, 1943, when he received word of the final liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto and the deportation of his wife and son, Zygielbojm committed suicide in public protest "against the indifference with which the world looks at the destruction of the Jewish world, looks on and does nothing to stop it."
    Audiotape (reel-to-reel); magnetic

    Physical Details


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    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Conditions on Use
    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum places no restrictions on use of this material. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this film footage.

    Administrative Notes

    Recorded Sound Provenance
    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the papers around 1998 from Shmuel Zygielbojm's niece, Aveda Ayalon.
    Recorded Sound Notes
    For more information, refer to donor Aveda Ayalon's photograph collection at

    Technical note: Speech cut-off on Side B continues on Side A.
    Recorded Sound Source
    Mrs. Aveda Ayalon
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:27:20
    This page:

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